|N.516: Cuneiform clay tablet from ancient Puzria-Dagan
in the kingdom of Ur (southern Mesopotamia), ca. 2044 BCE
Given by "Miss Burnham of the English Department" in the 1950s,
clay administrative tablet dates to the 27th day of the 7th month of year
2 in the reign of Amar-Su'en (ca. 2046-2036
|On the obverse:
Left edge: 5
On the reverse:
translation by Professor Gertrud Farber, Oriental Institute, Chicago,
23 Sept 2008
Bibliography: M. Hilgert, Cuneiform Texts from the Ur III
Period i the Oriental Institute, vol. 2 (Oreintal institute
Publications, Chicago 2003), pp. 19-30, 61, 67132-134, 181, 193, 207,
texts 9, 158, 199, 479, 482, 488
Dimensions: 1.3 x 2.7 x 2.8
Bronze & Iron
N.91: Bronze Furniture Attachment in shape of Medusa Head from ?
(1st c CE)
Oval plaque with face surrounded by mass of snail-shell curls with
hair strands articulated; at part in center bipartite wings with feathers
articulated in outer portion rise diagonally to the sides. Eyes and mouth
clearly articulated with raised contours for lids and lips; circular
depressions in pupils of eyes; between lips incised line marking juncture
of teeth, which are separately articulated, with triangular tongue
projecting over center of lower lip. Forehead slightly depressed, cheeks
round and projecting, and area around mouth recessed with projecting chin
with central cleft.
Dimensions:H from chin to top of part 7.31 cm.; W across wings
7.17 cm.; W at level of eyes 9.4 cm.; Th across tongue 1.74 cm.; Th at top
of head 0.82 cm.
photograph: Neg: 3.21a
Pear-shaped weight with fully rounded contour and flat base with small
circular indentation in center; perforated attachment at top for hanging.
Dimensions:H 2.05 cm.; max D 1.54 cm.
photograph: Neg: 3.29a
N.92: Bronze Weight from Italy (?)
Pear-shaped weight with shallowly concave base with small circular
depression in center; perforated attachment at top for hanging. Two holes,
one at juncture at body and base, one just inside edge of base, probably
flaws from manufacturing process.
Dimensions:H 2.3 cm.; max D 1.56 cm.
photograph: Neg: 3.29a
N.93: Bronze Weight from Italy (?)
Depressed globular weight flattened on base, attached to top
sharp-edged reel above which approximately globular finial, perforated for
Dimensions:H 2.24 cm.; D 1.62 cm.
photograph: Neg: 3.29a
N.94: Bronze Weight from Italy (?)
Depressed globular weight with broad flat surfaces at opposite poles.
Engraved at one end cross with incised line extending from one arm to edge
w adjacent digamma = 6, sign for 6-ounce weight in S Italy & /Sicily.
Dimensions:H 2.65 cm.; D 3.3 cm.
photograph: Neg: 3.35a
N.95: Bronze Weight from Italy (?)
Ring of sheet bronze w join of ends visible; low raised ridge down
center of ext and int.
Dimensions:D 2.4 cm.; M W pres of band 1.05 cm.
photograph: Neg: 3.34a
N.96: Bronze Ring from Italy (?)
Round button, ext convex, int concave; attached to int rim low curving
loop of ca circular section.
Dimensions:Max D 2.88 cm.; Th incl loop 1.22 cm.
photograph: Neg: 3.30a, 31a
N.97: Bronze Button from Italy (?)
As N.97, except loop strongly flattened circular section.
Dimensions:Max D 2.19 cm.; Th including loop 1.07 cm.
photograph: Neg: 3.30a, 31a
N.98: Bronze Button from Italy (?)
Circular, w thickly rounded edge, convex on ext, concave on int; ext
decorated w two raised concentric rings with central boss indented in
Dimensions:Max D 3.27 cm.; Th 0.95 cm.
photograph: Neg: 3.32a
N.99: Bronze Harness Attachment from Puteoli (?)
As N.99, but more fully convex.
Dimensions:Max D 3.92 cm.
photograph: Neg: 3.32a
N.100: Bronze Harness Attachment from Puteoli (?)
Hoop of bronze of about circular section curving out in form
of swans necks and terminating in biconical flower buds with real at juncture
with hoop with rounded projection at end. Attachment to pot made of flat
strip of bronze looped over hoop with two sides placed tightly against one
another and with fragment of pot at end.
Dimensions:H of loop 5.75 cm.; W of loop 4.97 cm.; max D wire
0.056 cm.; max H pres vessel attachment 3.34 cm.; max W handle attachment
0.05 cm.; L pres vessel frag 1.8 cm. x W 0.098 cm.
photograph: Neg: 8.18a
N.101: Bronze Drop Handle from Puteoli (?)
Slightly curving segment of ?small handle cast in spiral form mold.
Dimensions:Max L pres as curved 7.43 cm.; max D pres 0.066 cm.
photograph: Neg: 8.21a
N.102 (object not numbered): Vessel Handle Fragment from Puteoli
Circular loop of about circular section with narrow
opening at ends which were bent up in small projections to exterior and
thickened at ends; just in from ends rectangular plate-like attachment of
about rectangular section; each bears incised V on exterior surface
pointing toward open ends.
Dimensions:H to top of preserved projection 9.16 cm. D across
loop 9.15 cm. max D pres of wire ca
0.055 cm.; length of incised plate ca 1.12 cm. x W 0.087 cm.
photograph: Neg: 8.20a
N.103: Bronze Torque from Baiae (?date)
Fibula of leech-type, solid cast; exterior decorated with
incision: close set lines extending from ends towards central section in
which three horizontal zones defined by pairs of incised lines filled with
groups of three incised lines set opposed one to the other; similar groups
of incised lines extending on either side of main decorated area. Plain
Dimensions:Max L pres 7.67 cm.; max W body 2.2 cm.; max Th body
1.39 cm.; max L pres of clasp plate 3.43 cm.
photograph: Neg: 8.24a, 25a
N.104: Bronze Fibula from Capua or Baiae (date ?)
Fibula of leach-type, cast solid; exterior decorated
with incision: broad H bands of close set diagonal incisions separated by
pairs of incised lines; continuation of decoration onto one half of
underside; pin extends from triple loop.
Dimensions:Max L pres 3.81 cm.; max H pres 3.11 cm.; max W body
1.05 cm.; max Th 0.099 cm.
photograph: Neg: 9.1, 2, 3
N.105: Bronze Fibula from Capua or Baiae (?)
Fibula of hollow leach-type, with incised decoration of
surface: close set horizontal lines at either end and across center;
single line bisecting body length-wise with three pairs of V-shaped lines
extending from it.
Dimensions:Max L pres 4.45 cm.; max W body 1.65 cm. x Th 0.08
photograph: Neg: 8.32a, 33a
N.106: Bronze Fibula from Capua or Baiae (?)
Fibula of band-type w raised central spine and ribs
inside edges which bent up toward center; flat on underside. One end
drawn into coils; other end pin of rectangular section attached to body &
join covered by plate decorated w 2 grooves.
Dimensions:Max L pres 4.3 cm.; W of body 1.24 cm. x Th 0.14
cm.; W of coils 1.33 cm.; max D coils 1.04 cm.; max W incl pin 1.89 cm.
photograph: Neg: 8.36a
N.107: Bronze Fibula from Capua or Baiae (?)
Fibula of hollow leech type, exterior body decorated w
incision: central field defined by 2 deep h incised lines with 3
horizontal incised lines producing 2 raised ridges in center of field;
V-shaped incisions w short incisions extending from arms pointing toward
ends of body, each of which articulated by pair of incised lines. One
end drawn into coil coils.
Dimensions:Max L pres 3.06 cm.; max H to top of body 1.9 cm.;
W of body 1.09 cm. x Th 0.53 cm.
photograph: Neg: 9.1, 2, 3
N.108: Bronze Fibula from Capua or Baiae (?)
Fibula of hollow leech type w small projections from
either side of body. Circular depression with hole in center in central
body, possibly to hold stone or paste ornament. Pair of raised ridges
defining either end of body. One end drawn into coils; at other vestige of
Dimensions:Max L pres 2.43 cm.; max H pres ca 1.93 cm.; max W
pres body 1.45 cm. x Th x 0.43 cm.
photograph: Neg: 8.30a, 31a
N.109 (object not numbered): Bronze Fibula from Capua or Baiae (?)
Fibula of band-type w narrow body tapering toward clasp
plate. Body decorated w single raised ridge down center. One end drawn
into coils w pin extending from coils to small clasp plate.
Dimensions:Max L pres 3.92 cm.; max H 1.5 cm.; max W of body at
coils 0.73 cm.
photograph: Neg: 8.34a, 35a
N.110: Bronze Fibula from Capua or Baiae (?)
Cowrie-shaped object with disk-like termination at
finished end, other end broken off from whatever object it was attached
Dimensions:Max H pres 2.64 cm.; max W 1.2 cm.; max Th 0.088 cm.
photograph: Neg: 3.33a
N.111: Bronze Finial from Puteoli (?)
Solid cast circlet with band of depressed circular section.
Dimensions:D 4.3 cm.; max W of band 0.055 cm. x Th 0.045 cm.
photograph: Neg: 8.23a
N.112: Bronze Circlet from Italy (?)
Long triangular blade with raised mid-rib on both sides
with hollow socket tapered to point of attachment with blade.
Dimensions:L as bent ca 26.6 cm.; max W blade pres 2.5 cm. x Th
0.086 cm.; max D socket pres 1.73 cm.
photograph: Neg: 9.20, 21
N.113: ? Iron Javelin Head from Italy (?)
Strip of metal segmented into semi-globular elements,
hollow on underside, ends attached on backside to curving loop of ca
Dimensions:L 3.0 cm.; max W of segmented strip 0.78 cm.; max Th
segmented strip 1.38 cm.
photograph: Neg: 8.29a
N.114: Bronze Strap Holder from Italy (?)
Tapering shaft of cylindrical section w globular head.
Dimensions:Max L pres. 8.76 cm.; max D of shaft just below head
0.35 cm.; D head 0.79 cm.
photograph: Neg: 8.29a
N.115 (object not numbered): Bronze Pin from Italy (?)
Long thin pick w point at one end and angled flat scoop at other,
crimped at center.
Dimensions:L 14.12 cm.; max D of pick 0.21 cm.; W of scoop 038
photograph: Neg: 8.16a
N.116 (object not numbered): Bronze Ear-Cleaner from Italy (?)
Filigreed wheel with granulated decoration. Three
circles of wire, one outer and two inner w spokes between outer and inner
set diagonally to produce hollow center; exterior surfaces of wires
decorated w globular granules.
Dimensions:Max D 2.76 cm.; H 1.15 cm.; D interior circle ca
photograph: Neg: 8.27a, 28a
N.117 (object not numbered): Bronze Wheel from Puteoli (?)
Ca circular ring w body of heavy wire tapered to both
ends to which attached thinner wire coiled around each end and extending
between ends of body; additional wire coiled around body except at one
Dimensions:Max D of ring 3.62 cm.; max D of coiled body 0.6 cm.
photograph: Neg: 8.26a
N.118: Bronze Drop Handle from Puteoli (?)
Imitation in clay of bronze helmet. Rounded body rising from
of which tall, very slightly tapering cylindrical neck w finial in form of
gabled roof which perforated horizontally under gable and by row of small
holes around circumference of edge. Body below neck & just above base set
off by horizontal rib above & below and space between ribs divided into 4
sections by single vertical raised ribs. Surfaces & ribs decorated with
fine incision: on neck concentric horizontal lines, on shoulder pendant
triangles below which isolated multiple zigzag devices, within ribbed
sections metopes decorated with geometric patterns & surrounded by border
of multiple zigzag devices; widely spaced groups of incised lines running
across roof. Burnished surface.
Dimensions:H 27.5 cm.; max D body ca 20.8 cm.; max D base 19.0
cm.; max D finial 10.57 cm.
photograph: Neg: 11.30, 31
N.227: TC Helmet from Italy (8th c BCE)
General: De Puma, Richard Daniel, Corpus speculorum Etruscorum
1: Midwestern Collections (Ames IA: Iowa State University Press 1987) #24,
p. 43, illustrations on pp. 160-163.
43: purchased in 1968. D. 11.9, H. 23.6, H. handle 8.8 cm. "Standard grip
mirror with circular disc," "handle terminating in a stylized deer's
head." Reverse: spiky garland frames the medallion. Medallion: "two
identical males, each wearing Phrygian caps, knee-length tunics, and
cross-strapped sandals, lean against short Ionic piers" and flank "two
women facing them. The one of the left wears a Phrygian cap and long
¶ The other female is nude except for high-laced boots and some drapery."
The Dioskouroi with Minerva and Aphrodite (or Helen). The motif is
popular, occurring on other Midwestern mirrors #5, 6, 33, and 27 and 36.
grip mirror (3rd c.) in the M.G.N. Collection, Geneva: Ines Jucker,
Italy of the Etruscans (Jerusalem: Israel Museum 1991), p. 106-107, no.
119: the obverse of the mirror's handle ends in a ram's head. Reverse:
inside a circular border of laurel, 4 figures: the Dioscuroi flank two
women, one clothed and one nude (Helen); the Dioscuroi and the clothed
woman (Leda?) wear Phrygian caps.
grip mirror (3rd-2nd c.) in the Israel Museum, Jerusalem: Ines Jucker,
Italy of the Etruscans (Jerusalem: Israel Museum 1991), p. 108, no. 120:
the obverse of the mirror's handle ends in a ram's head. Reverse: inside a
circular border of laurel, 4 figures: the Dioscuroi flank two women, one
clothed and one nude (Helen); the Dioscuroi and the clothed woman (Leda?)
wear Phrygian caps. The scene is the same as the Geneva mirror but the
incision work is careless.
N.228: Etruscan Bronze Mirror from Etruria (Late 3rd c BCE)
Three parts: A. lid, B. bowl, C. stand. A. Discoid lid with
slightly in-sloping sides coated all over in red paint and decorated on
edges with white stripes around edges and on top surface with concentric
black and white stripes. B. Bulbous bowl with high maximum D with plain
flat base and small offset rim. Coated inside and out with red paint and
decorated on shoulder with horizontal stripe from which suspended double
festoons. C. Tall asymmetrically concave cylindrical base with thick
straight edged rim and low ring base exterior surface of which tapered
inward toward body. Coated all over exterior and partway up interior from
bottom with red paint. Top and bottom edges decorated with white stripes
and surface of base proper decorated with groups of black and white
Dimensions:A: Max D pres ca 23.5 cm.; max Th 2.9 cm.; B: H ca
15.5 cm. max D ca 26.5 cm.; D base 9.1 cm.; D rim ca 22.5 cm.; C: H ca
22.6 cm.; D top ca 20.0 cm.; D bottom ca 17.0 cm.; D medial ca 11.3 cm.
photograph: Neg: 12.27, 28
N.230: Tripartite Cinerary Urn from Italy (2nd h of 8th c BCE)
Possibly vessel handle with large suspension ring from which
hangs woman's head blunted triangular in contour with wavy masses of hair
on either side; eyes, nose, and slit mouth clearly articulated; below
squarish plaque telescoping neck and upper body. Head hollow behind.
Dimensions:Total H 8..16 cm.; max W 3.8 cm.; max Th at nose 1.6
cm.; D suspension ring 2.03 cm, aperture 2.0 cm.; Distal plaque: 1.9 x 2.4
photograph: Neg: 16.28
N.393: Bronze Face Pendant/Handle from Puteoli (Roman)
Flat with all elements in same plane: central section
rectangular plaque irregularly perforated by 4 ca rectangular openings,
from one corner of which projects long c square blunt-ended pin, and from
corner diagonal to first shorter, broader projection of rectangular
Dimensions:L 6.57 cm.; max W 1.5 cm.; Th 0.30-0.46 cm.
photograph: Neg: 16.29
N. 394: Bronze Bolt from Puteoli (Roman)
Shaft of irregularly circular section w at one end large flat
circular head from front center of which end of shaft projects slightly
and at other low conical discoid head.
Dimensions:L 11.1 cm.; Av D shaft ca 5.5 cm.; D flat head ca
1.9 cm.; D discoid head ca 1.30 cm.
photograph: Neg: 16.32
N 395: Bronze Rivet from Puteoli (Roman)
Semicircular loop of flat sheet bronze twisted at both ends
180 degrees to form two small centrally perforated attachment plates.
Dimensions:Overall H 3.7 cm.; W 4.75 cm.; W of handle proper ca
0.8 cm. x Th 0.23 cm.; D of suspension plate 0.75-0.8 cm.
photograph: Neg: 16.31
N.396: Bronze Drop Handle from Puteoli (Roman)
Quadripartite: suspension ring, ca square connector plate w
two transverse incisions, slightly tapering shaft from which projects at r
angle bar of squarish section from which project one almost complete and
stumps of two teeth of ca square section.
Dimensions:L 3.78 cm.; D suspension ring 1.56 cm.; max W
connector plate ca 0.94 cm.; W shaft ca 0.55 cm. Toothed segment L 1.4
cm. x 1.0 cm.
photograph: Neg: 16.30
N.397: Bronze Key from Puteoli (Roman)
Bell body quadrilateral at base w rounded angles, extended
slightly and bulbously at edge, rising to rounded top to which attached
pentagonal loop ca square in section; clapper ?of iron w globular end on
shaft of "circular section.
Dimensions:H ca 7.0 cm.; Base ca 5.3 cm. x 4.5 cm.; Loop W 2.8
cm x Th 0.9 cm.
photograph: Neg: 16.33,34
N.398: Bronze Bell from Rome (Roman)
R arm bent at elbow w depressed globular object held between
thumb & forefinger; exceptionally long digits articulated on ext & int;
area of finger nails corroded. Heavy for bronze & possibly lead, or
bronze w heavy percentage of lead.
Dimensions:Max L pres 7.0 cm.; max H 3.45 cm.; max Th 1.31 cm.
photograph: Neg: 10.21, 22
N.429: Bronze Arm from Puteoli (nd)
Tapering shaft of ca circular section separated from globular
head by short barrel element encircled by 2 incised lines. Well polished.
Dimensions:L pres 12.08 cm.; D head ca 1.25 cm.; D short
cylinder 2.5 cm.; H ca 0.45 cm.
photograph: Neg: 16.23
N.388: Bone Pin from Italy (nd)
Shaft of c circular section tapering to both ends from center
with slightly flattened globular head at one end. Polished with some
fabrication striations visible.
Dimensions:L pres 7.31 cm.; max D shaft 0.5 cm.; max D head
photograph: Neg: 16.25
N.389: Bone Pin from Italy (nd)
Shaft of ca circular section tapering for most of L to tip,
with irregularly flattened tapering in proximal end to secondary tip.
Many spiral form fabrication striations around shaft.
Dimensions:L pres 10.7 cm.; max D 0.4 cm
photograph: Neg: 16.27
N.390: Bone Pin from Italy (nd)
Shaft of ca circular section tapered throughout w secondary
sharpening just at end; inverted conical head. Originally well polished.
Dimensions:L 10.27 cm.; max D at base of head 0.65 cm.
photograph: Neg: 16.24
N.391: Bone Pin from Italy (nd)
Shaft of ca circular section flattened toward head end, slight
tapering in distal half to point. Three fine incised rings at proximal
end above which inverted piriform head flattened on top. Originally well
Dimensions:L 12.5 cm.; max D shaft 0.65 cm.; max D head 0.62
cm.; H ca 0.7 cm.
photograph: Neg: 16.26
N.392: Bone Pin from Italy (nd)
11 beads: 8 depressed globular to barrel paste melon beads, 2
cylindrical paste/?TC beads, 1 faceted short barrel carnelian bead. Now
strung on twisted blue string. Two melon beads (2 & 3) evidently made in
two-piece mould. Cylindrical beads decorated with two sets of horizontal
stripes, each set meeting in kind of ogival configuration.
In order of shape, material & size; original # often illegible. Melon
beads: 1. L 1.98 cm.; max D 2.34 cm.; D perforation 0.9 cm.; 2. L 1.95
cm.; max D 2.2 cm.; D perforation 0.65 cm.; 3. L 1.93 cm.; max D 2.15
cm.; D perforation 0.65 cm.; 4. L 1.8 cm.; max D 2.2 cm.; D perforation
0.95 cm.; 5. L. 1.68 cm.; max D 2.93 cm.; D perforation 0.63 cm.; 6. L
1.58 cm., max D 2.0 cm.; D perforation 0.85 cm.; 7. L 1.53 cm.; max D
1.92 cm.; D perforation 0.75 cm.; 8. L 1.48 cm.; max D 1.95 cm.; D
perforation 0.63 cm. Cylindrical beads: 9. max L pres 1.97 cm.; max D 1.5
cm.; D perforation 0.5 cm.; 10. Max L pres 2.3 cm.; max D pres 1.45 cm, D
perforation 0.7 cm. Carnelian: 11. L pres 0.83 cm., max D pres 1.2 cm, D
perforation 0.3 cm.
Color(s): 1. Ca 5G 7/1 (greenish gray); 2. 7.5YR 8/4 (pink)
darkened in one section to 7.5YR 5/4 (brown); 3. 7.5YR 8/2 (pinkish white)
darkened esp in depressions to 7.5YR 6/2 (pinkish gray); 4. glaze 5B 4/1
(dark blue gray); 5. 2.5Y 8/2 (white); 6. 5G 7/1 (light greenish gray
throughout w dead white fill between ribs; 7. body ca 5GY 7/1 (light
greenish gray) w traces of glaze 5BG 4/1 (dark greenish gray); 8. body ca
5Y 8/1 (white) w traces of glaze between ribs 5G 6/2 (pale green); 9. body
7.5YR N4/ (dark gray) w glaze 10YR 8/1 (white) and end stripe 10R 5/4
(weak red); 10. as 9; 11. 10R 5/4 (dusky red).
photograph: Neg: 16.22
N.386 (objects not numbered): Paste & Carnelian Bead Necklace from ?
Ten flanged gilded paste beads, short barrel with gear like
projections, each flanked by pair of plain short cylindrical paste beads,
each "set" of 3 separated by long cylindrical faience divider bead (11
total), now strung on twisted cord.
Flanged: Av L 0.5-0,55 cm.; Av D 0.7-0.75, one to 0.9 cm.; Short
cylindrical: L 0.25-0.27 cm.; D 0.4-0.45 cm. Faience: L 1.28-1.6 cm.; D
photograph: Neg: 19.19
N.387 (objects not numbered): Glass & Faience Necklace from Egypt
(2nd-1st c BCE)
Bronze furniture attachment in
the shape of a Medusa head, Italy? (1st c. AD)