Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian (formerly known as Serbo-Croatian). Three languages for the price of one! Although Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian have all become official languages of their newly independent states, they remain completely understandable among each other.
Czech is the language spoken by about 10 million citizens of the Czech Republic and another 2 million or so worldwide. Czech is a Slavic language from the West-Slavic group, which also includes Polish and Slovak.
Polish language, rich in its history and literature, is spoken by more than 40 million speakers. The University of Kansas has a more than thirty-year tradition of teaching Polish language and literature.
Russian is spoken by upwards of 170 million people in Russia, a country that covers one eighth of the world’s landmass and that spans eleven time zones across Europe and Asia.
Slovene is spoken by approximately 2 m. people in the Republic of Slovenia and neighboring territories in Italy, Austria, and Hungary. Large Slovene-speaking communities can also be found in Argentina, Australia, Canada, and the US. KU is the only major North American university that teaches Slovene at all levels.
Turkish is spoken by roughly 150 million people all around the world. Like Finnish and Hungarian, Turkish is an agglutinative language, which means that new particles are added to the end of a base form to generate new words.
Ukrainian is an East Slavic language and is part of the larger Indo-European family of languages. It is spoken in Ukraine and in Ukrainian communities in neighboring Belarus, Russia, Poland, and Slovakia.
Yiddish is the erstwhile lingua franca of East-European (Ashkenazi) Jews and now spoken by Hasidic Jews and some traditional communites in Israel and elsewhere. It is the language of a vast and as yet largely untranslated literature. The main stock of the Yiddish lexicon is German, but there are many Hebrew, Aramaic, Romance and Slavic elements.