The LBA was founded in 1975, after the Student Health Center vacated its space and was relocated to a new facility. Administratively, the LBA was established as a research center of the Graduate School and the Research Sector of the University of Kansas. In 1985, the Midwest Twin Registry was organized and housed in the LBA. Periodic twin fairs were held at the University of Kansas and in various locations throughout the State of Kansas and Iowa. The Editorial Office of the international journal, Human Biology, was added to the LBA in 1988 and remained there until 2000, when Professor Crawford stepped down as Editor-in-Chief.
Since its inception in 1975, the LBA has supported graduate and undergraduate students in their Honor's and Master's theses and Ph.D. dissertation research. Many of the graduates from the LBA have gone on to distinguished careers in biological anthropology, human genetics, and genetic epidemiology. These graduates are located at the following universities and institutions: Texas Biomedical Research Institute; University of Utah (Departments of Anthropology and Pediatrics); Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina; University of Cincinnati Medical Center, South Florida University; Smithsonian Institution; University of Miami; University of Chicago; University of Texas Medical Center-San Antonio; University of Alabama; Museum of Natural History, NY; Illinois State University; Idaho State University; Lander University; and University of Houston.
Current and Former Researchers from the LBA at the American Association of Anthropological Geneticists 2008 Symposium. To find more about individuals pictured scroll the mouse over the faces.
During the last decade, the LBA has hosted scores of visiting international scientists. Post-doctoral fellows that have conducted research at the LBA came from: the Indian Statistical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, University of Ohio, Western Washington University, University of Florida, National University of Argentina, Cordoba.
Support for the research programs come from the National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Geographic Society, Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, General Research Funds from the University of Kansas, National Academy of Sciences, Chiang Chang Kao Foundation, and the Settlement Fund from the State of Kansas Attorney General's Office.
The LBA is located in Lippincott Hall and consists of two molecular genetics laboratories, a computer room, a suite of three offices, and the director's office and conference room. The laboratories are equipped for standard molecular genetic and anthropological genetic research.
A number of research collections are housed in the LBA, These include: DNA samples from the major geographic regions of the world (Africa, Europe, Asia, and North and South America); nonhuman primate specimens, dental casts from several Mexican Native and Black Carib populations; dermatoglyphic prints from various populations, samples of individuals with various chromosomal anomalies, and the Midwest Twin Register, which contains information on more than 600 monozygous (MZ) and dizygous (DZ) twin pairs from Kansas, Missouri, Iowa, and Nebraska. Several research programs, including studies of migraine headaches, voice acoustics, prematurity, and schizophrenia-related behaviors have been conducted on samples from our data base.