University of Kansas

Planetary Aeronomy and
Plasma Physics

Planetary Aeronomy and Plasma Physics

All the planets in the solar system, except for Mercury, have ionospheres, and all of these planetary ionospheres, except that of Pluto, have been observed in situ or remotely. Some planetary satellites are also known to possess reasonably dense ionospheres, including Jupiter's satellites Io, Europa, Callisto and Ganymede, Saturn's satellite Titan, and Neptune's satellite Triton. Comets are also known to contain ionospheric plasma. Observations and theoretical models of the chemistry, dynamics and energetics of these ionospheres are discussed in the papers listed below. (Excerpted from Solar System Ionospheres by Nagy and Cravens; see below.)


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Last modified March 28, 2017
Tizby Hunt-Ward