2010-2011 Undergraduate Catalog
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CLAS Baccalaureate Degrees
The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences offers 3 degrees at the baccalaureate level:
- Bachelor of Arts (B.A.),
- Bachelor of General Studies (B.G.S.), and
- Bachelor of Science (B.S.).
The majority of students in the College earn a B.A. degree. The B.A. degree may be earned with a major in all departments and programs in the College except atmospheric science. The B.A. is the traditional baccalaureate degree, structured to ensure both breadth and depth of knowledge by extensive general education degree requirements and approximately ¼ of total course work in the major. The B.A. requires exposure to world languages and cultures, ever more important as the world’s global community becomes central in our lives.
The primary distinction between the B.A. and the B.G.S. degree is the study of a foreign language, which is required for the B.A. but not for the B.G.S. Other general education requirements are limited as well, allowing maximum flexibility in course selection. See the chart of CLAS General Education Degree Requirements below.
The B.S. degree is offered by all natural science areas except human biology, as well as economics and cognitive psychology. General education degree and major requirements are determined by each program offering the degree and may be different for each B.S. degree in the College. With fewer required nonscience general education degree requirements, the B.S. permits more depth in the major. It requires additional work in supporting science areas.
Double Degrees in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
The following combinations of degrees are allowable within CLAS as long as the student has completed at least 15 hours unique to each major:
- 2 (or more) B.S. degrees. These must be different B.S. degrees, not different concentrations within the same B.S. degree.
- B.A. and B.S. degrees as long as the degrees are in different majors. Students may not, for example, earn both a B.A. and a B.S. in mathematics.
- B.G.S. and B.S. degrees as long as the degrees are in different majors. Students may not, for example, earn both a B.G.S. and a B.S. in economics.
- Students may complete the requirements for more than one emphasis
area or concentration in a major or degree program but should be aware
that they are not completing a second degree or major. The following two
examples illustrate this point:
1. A student who completes all requirements for both the genetics option and the cell biology option is earning one degree, the B.S. degree in biology;
2. A student who completes all requirements for both the traditional English option and the creative-writing option is earning one degree, either the B.A. in English or the B.G.S. in English.
- Students may earn a B.A. or a B.G.S. with more than one major but not more than one B.A. or B.G.S. degree from CLAS.
- Students normally may not earn a B.A. degree and a B.G.S. degree. Exceptions to this must be approved by the committee on undergraduate studies and advising (CUSA). Requests for exceptions should be discussed with the assistant dean of College Student Academic Services.
Double Degrees in CLAS and a Professional School
Students who wish to work simultaneously for a degree from CLAS and a degree from one of the professional schools may do so, with the expectation that all general education requirements are met for both degrees.
Early and Continuous Enrollment in English and Math (All Degrees)
Students must enroll the first semester at KU in the English composition course appropriate for their placement and must continue to take English courses until they have completed ENGL 102 Critical Reading and Writing (or ENGL 105, the honors equivalent).
No later than the second semester in CLAS, all students must enroll in the mathematics course in which they have been placed and must continue to take mathematics courses until they have completed MATH 101 Algebra or MATH 104 Precalculus Mathematics. Students who demonstrate eligibility to enroll directly in calculus through ACT, SAT, or placement test scores are exempt from this early and continuous enrollment requirement.
For specific information on English placement, see English Requirements on this page.
See the Placement Table for Initial Enrollment in Mathematics on this page or consult the Department of Mathematics, 405 Snow Hall, for information on placement in mathematics.
Requirements for Graduation (All Degrees)
Grade-Point Average Required for Graduation
To be eligible to graduate from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences with any of the 3 degrees (B.A., B.G.S., or B.S.), a student must earn at least a 2.0 grade-point average in courses taken at KU (including grades earned in Independent Study courses through KU Continuing Education) and at least a 2.0 in KU junior/senior courses in the major.
Hours Required for Graduation
To be eligible to graduate from CLAS with any of the 3 degrees (B.A., B.G.S., or B.S.), a student must successfully complete at least 124 credit hours, 45 of which must be junior/senior hours (numbered 300 and above). The required 124 hours are divided into three categories: general education degree, major, and elective requirements. The total hours are increased by enrollment in MATH 002 or any developmental course numbered below 100. The total also is increased by enrollment in excess of 64 hours of community college credit, 4 hours in physical education activity courses, 6 hours in music organization courses, and any repeated courses for which a student has already received credit.
Minimum and Maximum Hour and Grade-Point Average Requirements for All CLAS Degrees (B.A., B.G.S., B.S.)
|Hours in CLAS and/or School of the Arts||100|
|Junior/senior hours (numbered 300 or above)||45|
|Hours in residence at KU||30|
|KU cumulative grade-point average||2.0|
|Grade-point average in KU junior/senior hours in the major||2.0|
|Grade-point average in KU hours in the minor||2.0|
|Hours from community colleges||64|
|Hours in physical education activity courses||4|
|Hours in music organization courses||6|
|Note: Courses numbered below 100 do not count toward a degree but are included in the grade-point average.|
General Education Degree Requirements
All 3 degrees require courses that reflect the breadth of the disciplines in the College. For the B.A. and B.G.S. degrees, these are described under General Education Degree Requirements below. Consult the appropriate department for the requirements for each B.S. degree.
Electives Required for Graduation
Each degree allows a certain number of elective hours. In addition to general education degree and major requirements, students may choose elective courses to bring the total credit hours to 124. In choosing electives, students should be aware of limits in certain areas listed under Hours Required for Graduation.
Junior/Senior Hours Required for Graduation
KU requires all students pursuing bachelor’s degrees to complete a minimum of 45 credit hours at the junior/senior level (courses numbered 300 and above).
Students must complete a major to graduate with a degree in CLAS, with the exception of the B.G.S. Liberal Arts and Sciences option. A major requires the student to study at least one discipline in depth. The average number of required credit hours in the major for the B.A. degree is 30 hours. The Board of Regents requires a major to be at least 24 credit hours. See the individual major listings for specific minimum requirements.
Degree requirements and course descriptions are subject to change. Check with department offices or College Student Academic Services for current information.
Declaration of Major
CLAS requires every student to declare a major or be admitted to a professional school no later than the semester after completion of 60 credit hours. A student is required to meet with an academic adviser to discuss course selection and choice of major each term until the major is declared. An enrollment hold is placed on the student’s record to ensure this advising occurs. For a major to be officially declared, CLAS Student Academic Services must receive a copy of the Major Declaration form signed by the student and the major department representative. If a student is pursuing a double major, he or she should complete a Major Declaration form in each major department.
Departments may reserve enrollment in courses in the department for declared majors.
This policy does not preclude changing or adding majors. Changing majors late in the academic career can delay graduation. Consult a graduation adviser in 109 Strong Hall.
Students are encouraged to explore different disciplines before choosing their majors. Students who are not ready to declare a major can register interest in a major at CLAS Student Academic Services. Help with choosing a major can be obtained at the University Advising Center (126 Strong Hall), CLAS Student Academic Services (109 Strong Hall), and the University Career Center (110 Burge Union).
Admission to CLAS Majors
Admission requirements to a particular major offer potential students the critical foundation of knowledge and skills necessary to become successful in that major. View current admission requirements for each CLAS department.
CLAS department admission requirements include the following:
Designated Admission Course Requirements and Minimum Admission Grade-Point Average
Departments may designate up to 4 courses and require an admission grade-point average from 2.2 to 3.0. If a student may choose from a set of course requirement options, and he or she has taken more than the minimum number of course options in the application term, grades received in any designated admission course requirement up to and including that term may be computed in the grade-point average for admission consideration. Only course grades from repeated lower-level courses, meeting the standards of KU’s course repeat policy, are removed from the grade-point average calculation.
The Credit/No Credit option is not available for any course that is an admission requirement. If a student has mistakenly requested the CR/NC option for a course required for admission, 1.7 grade points for any CR grade recorded and 0.0 points for any NC grade recorded are calculated into the grade-point average for admission purposes. A department may determine that any designated admission course taken with the CR/NC option must be repeated.
Students must complete all requirements for admission to a major by the first semester of the junior year or before. Application to the major should occur in the term in which admission requirements will be completed. If a student does not meet established admission grade-point average criteria or neglects to apply for admission in this term, she or he must petition the department for permission for late application. The department, as part of an approved petition, determines late admission requirements (including grade-point average and course requirements) and the final admission deadline.
Hours in the Major: Maximums and Minimums
There is no limit on hours taken in the major for the B.A., B.G.S., or B.S. degree. Departments are not allowed to require more than 40 hours in the major for the B.A. or more than 50 hours in the major for the B.S. Some skills courses, generally those used to fulfill general education degree requirements in English, mathematics, and foreign language, are not included in this maximum limit. A minimum of 12 hours in the major must be in courses numbered 300 or above. At least 9 of these junior/senior hours must be taken in residence at KU.
Major Grade-Point Average Graduation Requirement
A student must earn a grade-point average of at least 2.0 in KU junior/senior courses (numbered 300 and above) completed in the major. If a student has mistakenly requested the Credit/No Credit option for a course in the major, 1.7 grade points for any CR grade recorded and 0.0 points for any NC grade recorded are calculated into the major grade-point average for certification purposes. A department may determine that any major course taken with the CR/NC option must be repeated.
A student may earn a double major if he or she satisfies the requirements of both majors, and completes 15 hours unique to each major in consultation with advisers in each department.
KU Edwards Campus Majors
Students who would like to complete a bachelor’s degree in the Kansas City area may choose from 4 CLAS undergraduate majors offered on KU’s Edwards Campus in Overland Park. Contact the CLAS undergraduate adviser, Dan Mueller, firstname.lastname@example.org, 864-8659 (from Lawrence) or 913-897-8659 (outside of Lawrence), about each of these degrees.
- Developmental Psychology. B.A. and B.G.S. degrees are offered. See requirements for the major under Psychology.
- Literature, Language, and Writing. B.A. and B.G.S. degrees are offered. See requirements for the major under English.
- Molecular Biosciences. The B.S. degree is offered. See requirements for the major under Biology Undergraduate Program.
- Public Administration. B.A. and B.G.S. degrees are offered. See requirements for the major under Public Administration.
Students who feel that their best interests cannot be served by the majors listed may petition for a special major (B.A. or B.G.S.), if they follow the guidelines below. Such majors are supervised by special committees of three faculty members recruited by the student. Interested students should consult College Student Academic Services, preferably before the end of the sophomore year.
The following guidelines apply to special majors:
- An official endorsement by one or more of the CLAS departments or degree programs involved must accompany a petition for a special major. The petition must be submitted to the committee on undergraduate studies and advising (CUSA).
- At least 12 credit hours numbered 300 or above counted toward the special major must be taken after approval of the special major.
- At least 2 committee members must be from the CLAS faculty.
- At least 2/3 of the credit hours to be counted toward the special major must be CLAS courses.
- Special majors must not overlap significantly with existing KU major programs and should not have the same titles as existing majors.
- A student seeking a special major must fulfill the general education
degree requirements necessary for the B.A. or B.G.S degree.
Note: Students considering classes to include in a special major should be guided by the fact that most CLAS majors require about 30 hours.
CLAS offers more than 40 approved minors. These are open to all students in the College regardless of the degree they are pursuing. The Schools of Architecture, Design and Planning; Education; Engineering; Journalism and Mass Communications; Music; Nursing; and Social Welfare permit their students to earn minors.
Requirements for the minor vary, but all must be at least 18 hours including 12 hours at the junior/senior level (numbered 300 and above). 9 of the junior/senior-level courses must be taken in residence at KU. Up to 3 hours of credit may be used to fulfill requirements for both the major and the minor. Students may not earn a minor unless they have completed a major and have completed at least one course for the minor after the date the minor was approved by College Assembly. Successful completion of a minor requires a minimum KU grade-point average of 2.0 in all courses taken for the minor. For requirements for each minor, see the programs listed on the Departments & Programs page.
The Credit/No Credit option is not available for any course that may satisfy minor requirements. If a student has mistakenly requested the CR/NC option for a course in the minor, 1.7 grade points for any CR grade recorded and 0.0 points for any NC grade recorded are calculated into the major grade-point average for certification purposes. A department may determine that any minor course taken with the CR/NC option must be repeated.
The following minors are approved as of February 2010:
- African and African-American Studies
- Applied Behavioral Science
- Atmospheric Science
- Brazilian Studies
- Communication Studies
- East Asian Languages and Cultures
- Environmental Studies
- European Studies
- Film and Media Studies
- Global and International Studies
- History of Art
- Human Sexuality
- Jewish Studies
- Latin American Studies
- Latino/a Studies
- Leadership Studies
- Peace and Conflict Studies
- Public Administration
- Public Policy in the U.S.
- Religious Studies
- Russian, East European, Eurasian Studies
- Slavic Languages and Literatures
- Social and Behavioral Sciences Methodology
- Women’s Studies
CLAS General Education Degree Requirements, B.A. and B.G.S.: English
Completion of any degree at KU, as well as successful functioning in society after graduation, requires that students develop proficiency in English composition and literature study. Students must complete
- ENGL 101 Composition or exemption and
- ENGL 102 Critical Reading and Writing or ENGL 105 Freshman Honors English and
- One of the following courses:
- ENGL 203 Topics in Reading and Writing: _____
- ENGL 205 Freshman-Sophomore Honors Proseminar: _____
- ENGL 209 Introduction to Fiction
- ENGL 210 Introduction to Poetry
- ENGL 211 Introduction to the Drama
Students must enroll immediately (their first semester at KU) in the appropriate course in English composition and must remain continuously enrolled in English courses until they have completed ENGL 102 (or ENGL 105).
Note: Courses with a blank (_____) at the end of their titles are typically topics or seminar courses that may be repeated for credit. Usually these courses offer different topics each time they are taught. Students should check with the course instructor about the requirements to take the course and what the topic will be when it is offered.
In general, students should enroll in ENGL 101, with the following exceptions:
ACT Examinations. A score of 31 or higher on the ACT English test places students in ENGL 105, and their English requirement is reduced to 6 hours. They may satisfy this requirement by completing ENGL 105 and one of the following: ENGL 205, ENGL 203, ENGL 209, ENGL 210, or ENGL 211. An ACT score of 27 to 30 places them in ENGL 102, and they are eligible to take the English department’s Honors Placement Examination for possible admission to ENGL 105. An ACT score of 26 or lower places them in ENGL 101.
Departmental First-Year Honors Placement Committee. This standing committee consists of a suitable number of members of the full-time staff. It designs and administers a writing sample examination for students who request reassignment from ENGL 102 to ENGL 105 and from ENGL 203 (or equivalent) to ENGL 205. The committee, at its discretion, also interviews and examines the records of applicants for placement in first-year honors courses. The placement examination normally is administered a few days before the start of the fall semester and at the end of the fall semester. Information and details on time and place are available in the First- and Second-Year English office, 3001 Wescoe Hall.
Students with English Advanced Placement Scores
- Students who score 2 on the Advanced Placement Examination in English should enroll in ENGL 101 but are eligible to take the Honors Placement Examination for ENGL 105.
- Students who score 3 on the AP Examination in English are exempt from ENGL 101 and should enroll in ENGL 105.
- Students who score 4 on the AP Examination in English receive 3 hours of credit and should enroll in ENGL 205, completion of which satisfies the English requirement.
- Students who score 5 on the AP literature and composition examination in English receive 6 hours of credit and are exempt from required English courses.
- Students who score 5 on the AP language and composition examination in English receive 3 hours of credit and are placed in ENGL 205, completion of which satisfies the English requirement.
- Students who score 4 or 5 on the AP Examination in English are not subject to the provisions of the immediate and continuous enrollment requirement.
Students with English Transfer Credit
- Students who have transfer credit equivalent to ENGL 101 at other institutions should enroll in ENGL 102. Students attending summer orientation enrollment who are enrolled in such courses at other institutions should enroll in ENGL 102.
- Students who have transfer credit equivalent to ENGL 101 and ENGL 102 at other institutions should enroll in a 200-level English course. Students attending summer orientation enrollment who are enrolled in such courses at other institutions should enroll in the next appropriate-level English course if available.
CLAS General Education Degree Requirements, B.A. and B.G.S.: Argument and Reason
Argument and Reason Requirement
Rhetorical and logical skills are considered hallmarks of educated persons. Undergraduates must establish competence in argument and reason. This may be done through completion of an oral communication course (COMS 130 or COMS 131 Speaker-Audience Communication or COMS 230 Fundamentals of Debate) or an applied logic course (PHIL 148 Reason and Argument or PHIL 310 Introduction to Symbolic Logic) or through exemption. Students may be exempted (but will not earn credit) if they meet one of the following conditions:
- Students with two high school courses (totaling one full credit) in speech or debate with a grade of B or higher in both are exempt. Take official high school transcripts to the Department of Communication Studies, 102 Bailey Hall. The exemption is noted on each student’s record.
- Students who do not meet exemption criteria and who do not wish to take any of the courses listed above may choose to take the oral communication exemption examination, which consists of a written test over public speaking concepts and a public speaking performance evaluation. It is given in September in the fall semester and in February in the spring semester. No exemption examinations are scheduled during the summer session. A student wishing to take the oral communication exemption examination must register his or her name, address, and telephone number with the staff in the communication studies office, 102 Bailey Hall. This should be done early in the semester the examination is to be taken. A $50 nonrefundable deposit is required to register for the examination. Students may pick up a complete description of the examination procedures and judging criteria in 102 Bailey Hall. Students who pass the examination receive a letter verifying the exemption.
CLAS General Education Degree Requirements, B.A. and B.G.S.: Mathematics
Mathematical concepts and reasoning are used in almost all areas of human discourse. Government, business, and private organizations base policy decisions on statistics and optimization. Physical and economic phenomena are described in terms of growth rates. To participate in the political arena, to function in a business or profession, and to manage personal decisions, a person is best equipped with a background in calculus, statistics, and mathematical modeling. To earn a CLAS B.A. or B.G.S. degree, students must complete
- MATH 101 Algebra or MATH 104 Precalculus Mathematics or demonstrate eligibility for second-level mathematics courses and
- 1 of the following second-level courses:
- MATH 105 Introduction to Topics in Mathematics
- MATH 106 Introduction to Finite Mathematics
- MATH 111 Matrix Algebra, Probability, and Statistics
- MATH 115 Calculus I
- MATH 121 Calculus I
- MATH 141 Calculus I: Honors
- MATH 365 Elementary Statistics
- BIOL 570 Introduction to Biostatistics
Students not prepared to take either MATH 101 or MATH 104 should enroll in MATH 002 Intermediate Mathematics. MATH 002 is a developmental course that does not count in the credit hours required for graduation. Students who are eligible (as determined by the department) to enroll in a course for which one of the approved second-level courses is prerequisite are exempt from the mathematics requirement.
See the Placement Table for Initial Enrollment in Mathematics below, which lists initial enrollment in mathematics according to ACT or SAT scores. Placement in beginning mathematics courses is strictly enforced. Students not meeting prerequisites for a mathematics course they are enrolled in are administratively dropped from the course after notification. Students needing exceptions should consult the mathematics department for dates and times of placement examinations.
No later than the second semester in CLAS, all students must enroll in the appropriate course in mathematics and remain continuously enrolled in such courses until they have completed MATH 101 Algebra or MATH 104 Precalculus Mathematics or have demonstrated their eligibility to enroll in calculus through ACT or SAT scores. Students who have mathematics scores of 26 or higher on the ACT examination or 600 on the SAT examination are exempt from MATH 101.
Students may qualify for retroactive credit in mathematics by completing the second course in a sequence with a grade of C or higher. Students passing MATH 116, MATH 122, or MATH 142 with an A, B, or C receive credit for MATH 115 or MATH 121 after consulting the mathematics department.
CLAS General Education Degree Requirements, B.A. and B.G.S.: Western Civilization
Western Civilization Requirement
The Western civilization reading program deals with classical texts in Western thought from ancient times to the present. Students cover an assigned reading list, supplemented with lectures and discussion groups. Students must complete a 2-course sequence. The standard sequence is HWC 204 and HWC 205. Students should have attained at least sophomore status and have completed ENGL 102 before enrolling in HWC 204 or HWC 205. Students in the University Honors Program and those with outstanding backgrounds in the humanities are encouraged to enroll in the honors sequence (HWC 114 and HWC 115).
CLAS General Education Degree Requirements, B.A. and B.G.S.: Non-Western Culture
Non–Western Culture Requirement
A non-Western culture course acquaints students with the culture, society, and values of a non-Western people, for example, from Asia, the Pacific Islands, the Middle East, or Africa. Students must complete 1 approved non-Western culture course. Occasionally courses with varying topics fulfill the non-Western culture requirement. See the Schedule of Classes for details. Approved courses that satisfy the non-Western culture requirement may be found here. These courses are coded NW.
CLAS General Education Degree Requirements, B.A. and B.G.S.: Principal Course
Principal Course Distribution Requirement
Principal courses offer introductions to the breadth of disciplines in the College. They acquaint students with the subject matter in an area, with the types of questions that are asked about that subject matter, with the knowledge that has been developed and is now basic to the area, and with the methods and standards by which claims to truth are judged.
Students must complete courses in topical groups in 3 major divisions (humanities, natural sciences and mathematics, and social sciences). For the B.A., 3 courses are required from each division, with no more than 1 course from any topical group. The B.G.S. requires 2 courses from each division, with no more than 1 from any topical group. To fulfill the requirement, a course must be designated as a principal course according to the codes listed below.
These are the major divisions, their topical subgroups, and the codes that identify them:
- HT: Historical studies
- HL: Literature and the arts
- HR: Philosophy and religion
Natural Sciences and Mathematics
- NB: Biological sciences
- NE: Earth sciences
- NM: Mathematical sciences
- NP: Physical science
- SC: Culture and society
- SI: Individual behavior
- SF: Public affairs
No course may fulfill both a principal course distribution requirement and a non-Western culture or second-level mathematics course requirement. Laboratory science courses designated as principal courses may fulfill both the laboratory science requirement and one of the distribution requirements. No free-standing laboratory course may by itself fulfill either the laboratory science requirement or a principal course requirement. Students should begin taking principal courses early in their academic careers.
Approved courses that satisfy the principal course distribution requirement may be found here. Prerequisites are listed in parentheses following the course. An honors equivalent of a principal course may fulfill a principal course requirement.
Additional Requirements: Bachelor of Arts Degree Only
Foreign Language Requirement
Knowledge of a language other than English has long been integral to the traditional B.A. degree. Students who wish to broaden their understanding of human complexities, communicate effectively in a global marketplace, or pursue most Ph.D. degrees are strongly encouraged to familiarize themselves with at least one foreign language. To complete the B.A. degree, students must demonstrate proficiency in one foreign language through the fourth-semester level. This may be done in any of the following ways:
- Pass the proficiency examination in one foreign language.
- Complete a fourth-semester-level course in one foreign language.
- Complete any foreign language course that has a fourth-semester-level course as a prerequisite.
Students whose native language is not English may be exempt from the foreign language requirement if they can show that the high school they attended taught in a language other than English. Consult College Student Academic Services after release from the Applied English Center.
Proficiency examinations are given in Spanish. A $50 nonrefundable registration fee is charged. No credit is awarded. Contact the Ermal Garinger Academic Resource Center, 4069 Wescoe Hall, to register.
KU regularly teaches more foreign languages than any university between the Mississippi River and the West Coast. For example, we are one of only a handful of universities nationwide to teach Uyghur, the strategically important language of the Muslim minority of Western China. A list of languages routinely offered may be found here.
Some foreign language departments award retroactive KU credit for high school work in a foreign language. Some use the following policy, but others (e.g., EALC) do not. Check with the department for the appropriate policy. Students with no prior college or university foreign language course credit are eligible for retroactive credit according to the following formula:
- 3 hours of retroactive credit are awarded to a student with 2 or 3 years of high school foreign language who enrolls initially at KU in a third-level language course and receives a grade of C or higher.
- 6 hours of retroactive credit are awarded to a student with 3 or 4 years of high school foreign language who enrolls initially at KU in a fourth-level course and receives a grade of C or higher.
- 9 hours of retroactive credit are awarded to a student with 4 years of high school foreign language who enrolls initially at KU in a language course with a fourth-level course as a prerequisite and receives a grade of C or higher.
To qualify for retroactive credit, the student’s initial university-level enrollment in the foreign language must be at KU. After completing the KU course with a grade of C or higher, the student must verify his or her high school record with the department. The student’s KU transcript shows the number of credit hours awarded but no letter grade.
Check with the appropriate foreign language department for guidelines on retroactive credit. Initial enrollment in the wrong course may eliminate the opportunity for retroactive credit. Consult department pages for information on placement.
Laboratory Science Requirement
In fulfilling the laboratory science requirement, students become directly acquainted with the principles and practices of scientific investigation. They may repeat classical experiments to confirm established knowledge. They may prepare for ongoing research under faculty supervision. They also may discover the means to seek new knowledge on their own.
1 course in the natural sciences that includes a laboratory or a natural science lecture course with an associated laboratory that constitutes 4 to 5 hours of academic credit is required. The laboratory science course (or combined lecture and laboratory courses) may fulfill both the laboratory science requirement and one of the natural science principal course distribution requirements if the course is designated a principal course. A free-standing laboratory course does not by itself fulfill either the laboratory science requirement or a principal course requirement.
Additional Requirements: Bachelor of General Studies Degree Only
The Bachelor of General Studies degree may be earned through 2 options. The first B.G.S. option requires concentrated study in 2 or more areas or disciplines, specifically completion of at least 1 major and additionally
- A CLAS-approved minor (see Minors on this page) or
- A second major, co-major, or degree. B.G.S. majors are available in many but not all of the subjects in which a B.A. degree also may be earned.
The second B.G.S. option requires development of a broad knowledge of disciplines in CLAS, specifically study in at least 15 CLAS departments (see the programs listed on the Departments & Programs page). Students pursuing this option are not eligible to earn majors or minors.
Bachelor of Science Degree Requirements
All general education degree, major, and supporting requirements for each B.S. program are specified by department faculty, with approval of the College Assembly. They are listed under the department or program on the Departments & Programs page. B.S. candidates are held to a more prescribed program with fewer electives than B.A. candidates. Students pursuing the B.S. may complete an approved minor.
Overlap Between Requirements
A course may be used to fulfill a general education degree requirement and a minor or major requirement. One course overlap is allowed between major requirements and minor requirements. No course may fulfill both a principal course distribution requirement and a non-Western culture or second-level mathematics course requirement. Laboratory science courses designated as principal courses may fulfill both the laboratory science requirement and one of the distribution requirements. No free-standing laboratory course may by itself fulfill either the laboratory science requirement or a principal course requirement.
CLAS General Education Degree Requirements Chart
(Course numbers in parentheses are honors versions.)
A minimum of 100 hours in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and/or the School of the Arts is required.
B.A. and B.G.S. Common Degree Requirements
|English||Argument and reason||Mathematics|
|3 courses||1 course||2 courses|
|ENGL 101 (or exemption based on ACT or SAT score) and||COMS 130 (131) or COMS 230 or PHIL 148 or PHIL 310 or COMS exemption or COMS proficiency examination||MATH 101 or MATH 104 (or exemption based on ACT or SAT score) and|
|ENGL 102 (105) and||MATH 105 or MATH 106 or MATH 111 or MATH 115 or MATH 121 (141) or MATH 365 or BIOL 570|
|ENGL 203 (205) or ENGL 209 or ENGL 210 or ENGL 211|
|Western civilization||Non-Western culture|
|2 courses||1 course|
|HWC 204 (114) and HWC 205 (115)||(chosen from the list of approved courses)|
Principal course distribution (chosen from the list of approved courses)
For B.A. Degree: 3 courses from each area, from different topical groups
For B.G.S. Degree: 2 courses from each area, from different topical groups
|Humanities||Natural sciences and mathematics||Social sciences|
|Historical studies (HT)||Biological sciences (NB)||Culture and society (SC)|
|Literature and the arts (HL)||Earth sciences (NE)||Individual behavior (SI)|
|Philosophy and religion (HR)||Mathematical sciences (NM)||Public affairs (SF)|
|Physical sciences (NP)|
Additional B.A. Degree Requirements
|Laboratory science||Foreign language|
|1 course or a combination of a lecture and a laboratory course (4-5 hours)||Proficiency in 1 language through the fourth level:|
|Elementary language I and Elementary language II|
|Intermediate language I and Intermediate language II|
Additional B.G.S. Degree Requirements
To earn the B.G.S degree with a major, students must also complete a second major, co-major, or minor. Requirements for the Liberal Arts and Sciences B.G.S. are accessible from the Departments & Programs page.
B.S. General Education Degree Requirements
For the B.S. degree, each department sets its own general education degree requirements. See Bachelor of Science Degree Requirements and the individual department listings for details.
Placement Table for Initial Enrollment in Mathematics
KU encourages all entering students to complete 4 years of mathematics in high school, including Algebra I and II, Geometry, Trigonometry, and Analytic Geometry, along the lines of the Kansas Board of Regents recommendations.
|Your math ACT/SAT score:||Eligible to enroll in these mathematics courses:|
|ACT: 28-36 or SAT: 640-800||MATH 002, MATH 101, MATH 104, MATH 105, MATH 106, MATH 111, MATH 115, MATH 121 (a half year of trigonometry is needed for MATH 121) or MATH 365|
|ACT: 26-27 or SAT: 600-630||MATH 002, MATH 101, MATH 104, MATH 105, MATH 106, MATH 111, MATH 115, or MATH 365|
|ACT: 22-25 or SAT: 540-590||MATH 002, MATH 101, OR MATH 104|
|ACT: 16-21 or SAT: 420-530||MATH 002|
|ACT: 0-15 or SAT: 0-410||KU does not offer a mathematics course below MATH 002. Although students with these scores are not prepared, they will be permitted to enroll in MATH 002. Before enrolling in MATH 002, these students are encouraged to prepare by self-study or by completing a beginning algebra course in high school or community college.|
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