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Principal Course Distribution Requirement

Principal courses offer introductions to the breadth of disciplines in the College. They acquaint students with the subject matter in an area, with the types of questions that are asked about that subject matter, with the knowledge that has been developed and is now basic to the area, and with the methods and standards by which claims to truth are judged.

Students must complete courses in topical groups in three major divisions (humanities, natural sciences and mathematics, and social sciences). For the B.A., three courses are required from each division, with no more than one course from any topical group. The B.G.S. requires two courses from each division, with no more than one from any topical group. To fulfill the requirement, a course must be designated as a principal course according to the codes listed below.

These are the major divisions, their topical subgroups, and the codes that identify them:

Humanities

  • HT: Historical studies
  • HL: Literature and the arts
  • HR: Philosophy and religion

Natural Sciences and Mathematics

  • NB: Biological sciences
  • NE: Earth sciences
  • NM: Mathematical sciences
  • NP: Physical science

Social Sciences

  • SC: Culture and society
  • SI: Individual behavior
  • SF: Public affairs

No course may fulfill both a principal course distribution requirement and a non-Western culture or second-level mathematics course requirement. Laboratory science courses designated as principal courses may fulfill both the laboratory science requirement and one of the distribution requirements. No free-standing laboratory course may by itself fulfill either the laboratory science requirement or a principal course requirement. Students should begin taking principal courses early in their academic careers. An honors equivalent of a principal course may fulfill a principal course requirement.

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Non-Western Culture Requirement

A non-Western culture course acquaints students with the culture, society, and values of a non-Western people, for example, from Asia, the Pacific Islands, the Middle East, or Africa. Students must complete one approved non-Western culture course.

One approved non-Western culture course is required. Occasionally courses with varying topics fulfill the non-Western culture course requirement. See the Schedule of Classes for details. These courses are coded NW.

View all approved non-Western culture courses »

Transfer and Earned Credit Course Codes

These codes are used to evaluate transfer credit and to determine which academic requirements a course meets.

  • H: Humanities
  • N: Natural Sciences and Mathematics
  • S: Social Sciences
  • W: World Civilization and Culture
  • U: Undesignated Elective Credit (course does not satisfy distribution requirement)
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This course will focus on the scientific method and research tools as used in recent journal articles. Discussion will specifically focus on critical evaluation of the conclusions presented and the evidence used to support those conclusions. Also, data retrieval will be practiced as the students research and write a paper on a cytology related topic. Prerequisite: CYTO 380 or instructor's permission. LEC
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Microscopy includes further practice in the screening of all gyn and non-gyn material at professional entry levels of speed and accuracy. Students continue to use the processing laboratory on a rotating basis and participate in case conference. Prerequisite: CYTO 380 or instructor's permission. LEC
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This course will include lectures on advanced topics in cytology. A comprehensive final examination completes the course. Students continue to increase speed and accuracy in microscopy to at least professional entry levels. Prerequisite: CYTO 420 or instructor's permission. LEC
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First semester. Essentials of grammar, practice in speaking and writing Czech. Simple readings from selected texts. LEC
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Second semester. A continuation of CZCH 104. Prerequisite: CZCH 104. LEC
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Second-year course in the language with emphasis on reading, composition, and conversation. Prerequisite: CZCH 108. LEC
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A continuation of CZCH 204. Prerequisite: CZCH 204. LEC
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Prerequisite: Reading knowledge of Czech language, and consent of instructor. IND
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Classical and modern approaches to the language of ballet for beginners. May be repeated for credit. Does not count toward the dance major requirements. ACT
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Classical and modern approaches to the language of ballet for experienced beginners. May be repeated for credit. Does not count toward the dance major requirements. Prerequisite: DANC 101 or consent of instructor. ACT
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Dance technique for beginners with precedents in the movement vocabularies of Isadora Duncan, Martha Graham, Doris Humphrey, Merce Cunningham, and the seminal choreographers of modern dance. May be repeated for credit. Does not count toward the dance major requirements. ACT
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Dance technique for experienced beginners with precedents in the movement vocabularies of Isadora Duncan, Martha Graham, Doris Humphrey, Merce Cunningham, and the seminal choreographers of modern dance. May be repeated for credit. Does not count toward the dance major requirements. Prerequisite: DANC 103 or permission of instructor. ACT
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Dance technique for beginners based on elements of Latino, African, popular and classical jazz dance forms. May be repeated for credit. Does not count toward the dance major requirements. ACT
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Dance technique for experienced beginners based on elements of Latino, African, popular and classical jazz dance forms. May be repeated for credit. Does not count toward the dance major requirements. Prerequisite: DANC 105 or consent of instructor. ACT
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The elements of classical ballet partnering (pas de deux) are explored. These elements include supported poses, turns, lifts, and their coordination between the partners. For men only. Women enroll in Pointe and Pas de Deux, DANC 307. May be repeated for credit. ACT
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An introduction to classical ballet focusing on the particular requirements of the male ballet technique including leaps, turns, batterie, and their presentation. May be repeated for credit. ACT
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A course designed to improve athletic performance potential by improving initiation and follow-through of movement; improving coordination, timing, and ease of action; and reducing the risk of injury through better technique. Students will learn how to apply the basic principles of Rudolf Laban and Irmgard Bartenieff to the specialized movement skills of various sports. Students will also learn to develop individualized warm-ups and drills to improve performance. Prerequisite: Participation in team sports, dance, martial arts, other skilled sport movement, or consent of instructor. ACT
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Developing skills in perception and the rapid translation of ideas into dance. Central to the course will be exposure to a variety of stimuli from music and the visual arts, to nature and people on the streets. Prerequisite: DANC 104 or consent of instructor. ACT
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This course introduces principles of conditioning (strength, flexibility, and endurance) and factors leading to injury (muscular imbalances, structural problems, postural deviations, improper mechanics, or techniques) so that students can develop individualized conditioning programs and learn how to prevent injuries. LEC
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Classical and modern approaches to the language of ballet for intermediate dancers. May be repeated for variable credit. Prerequisite: DANC 102 or consent of instructor. LAB
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Dance technique for intermediate dancers with precedents in the movement vocabularies of Isadora Duncan, Martha Graham, Doris Humphrey, Merce Cunningham, and the seminal choreographers of modern dance. May be repeated for variable credit. Prerequisite: DANC 104 or consent of instructor. LAB
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Dance technique for intermediate dancers based on elements of Latino, African, popular and classical jazz dance forms. May be repeated for variable credit. Prerequisite: DANC 105 or consent of instructor. LAB
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An introduction to the analysis and use of rhythms and the compositional forms of music for dance. LEC
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A dance repertory and performance class with emphasis on developing skills for performing ballet, modern, jazz, historic, and/or forms of theatrical dance. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: 200- or 300-level dance technique course. ACT
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An introduction to the general techniques of non-verbal theatrical conventions in African cultures. Practical training in movement vocabulary will be supplemented by lectures on the "text" of performance. (Same as AAAS 334 and THR 226.) LEC
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Classical East Indian dance has an extensive movement vocabulary that emphasizes the coordination of rhythmic foot patterns with intricate hand gestures. Students will learn the mudras (hand gestures) and their significance and integration within each dance. Readings will include excerpts from the Natya Sastra and other treatises of East Indian dance and culture. LEC
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Movement studies for solo figure based on exploration of the fundamental ingredients of dance (space, time, weight, and energy flow) and how to organize them into short compositional forms such as ABA, verse/refrain, or narrative. Prerequisite: DANC 150 and DANC 203 or consent of instructor. LEC
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This course focuses on the dance and movement vocabulary uniquely associated with musical theatre productions, as well as a variety of popular dance styles from the 1920s to the present. Performance techniques for the stage are emphasized. ACT
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Classical and modern approaches to the language of ballet for advanced dancers. May be repeated for variable credit. Prerequisite: DANC 202 or consent of instructor. LAB
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Dance technique for advanced dancers with precedents in the movement vocabularies of Isadora Duncan, Martha Graham, Doris Humphrey, Merce Cunningham, and the seminal choreographers of modern dance. May be repeated for variable credit. Prerequisite: DANC 203 or consent of instructor. LAB
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Dance technique for advanced dancers based on elements of Latino, African, popular and classical jazz dance forms. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: DANC 205 or consent of instructor. LAB
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An introduction to pointe and classical partnering work for the intermediate/advanced female ballet dancer, with equal emphasis on pointe technique and style, and on classical repertory for couples. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: DANC 201 or consent of instructor. LAB
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The exploration of classical ballet partnering (pas de deux) including supported poses, lifts, turns, and their coordination between the partners. For men only. Women enroll in Pointe and Pas de Deux, DANC 307. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: DANC 108, DANC 201, or permission of instructor. LAB
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A continuation of the study of male classical ballet technique including leaps, turns, batterie, and their presentation. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: DANC 109, DANC 201, or permission of instructor. LAB
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An examination of music as accompaniment for dance in both classroom and performance settings. Students will listen and analyze music from various historic periods to develop the skills necessary to select music appropriate for choreography. They will learn techniques for working with accompanists and composers. Prerequisite: DANC 210 or consent of instructor. LEC
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A dance repertory, performance and production class. Emphasis is on the development of skills for performing and/or producing dance concerts. Admission by audition only. May be repeated for credit. LAB
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A course designed to improve athletic performance potential by improving initiation and follow-through of movement; improving coordination, timing, and ease of action; and reducing the risk of injury through better technique. Students will learn how to apply the basic principles of Rudolf Laban and Irmgard Bartenieff to the specialized movement skills of various sports. Students also will learn to develop individualized warm-ups and drills to improve performance. Prerequisite: Participation in team sports, dance, martial arts, other skilled sport movement, or consent of instructor. ACT
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This course examines dance forms from throughout the world and how they relate to the times and cultures in which they evolved. Dance forms such as African, East Indian classical, European court dance, ballet, modern, and jazz will be studied through readings, master classes, live performances, videotapes, and films. Prerequisite: 200-level English course. LEC
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This course will introduce both the theoretical and physical applications of Laban Movement Analysis: Effort/Shape Notation (a notation system recording changes in movement qualities with respect to time, weight, space, and energy flow); Space Harmony (a system that describes human movement in relation to space); Bartenieff Movement Fundamentals (a series of basic exercises to integrate and facilitate the neuromuscular connections within the body) and Labanotation (a symbolic movement notation system). LAB
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In-depth development of movement themes for duet, trio, and larger groups. At least one concert length work with plans for presentation to an audience will be required. Prerequisite: DANC 250 or consent of instructor. LAB
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A study of anatomical and mechanical principles affecting the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system. Laboratory application of these principles will specifically examine the movements required in dance training. LEC
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Basic concepts of neuromuscular education for the dancer through the use of ideokinesis. This class will focus on application of the work of Mabel Todd, Lulu Sweigard, and Irmgard Bartenieff. Emphasis will be on the neuromuscular and skeletal systems, dynamic alignment, body connectedness, prevention of injury, and maximum realization of movement potential. Prerequisite: DANC 370 or permission of instructor. LEC
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Methods and materials for teaching creative dance and the fundamentals of dance technique to children. Lessons are prepared and tested in the classroom and then presented to elementary school children. Prerequisite: DANC 203 or consent of instructor. LEC
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Classical East Indian dance has an extensive movement vocabulary that emphasizes the coordination of rhythmic foot patterns with intricate hand gestures. Students will learn the mudras (hand gestures) and their significance and integration within each dance. Readings will include excerpts from the Natya Sastra and other treatises of East Indian dance and culture. LEC
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Designing dances for non-traditional performing spaces both indoors and outdoors. Students analyze how different natural and built environments can affect the gesture, space, time, and overall structure of a dance composition as well as the relationship between performers and spectators. Prerequisite: DANC 350 or consent of instructor. LAB
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Through research and reconstruction, students will examine major topics in dance history, such as the meaning and function of dance in pre-industrial societies, communal and court dance in Europe from the 14th to the19th centuries, and the transformation and development of dance as a theatre art in the modern world. Texts by dance historians and treatises by dancing masters will be supplemented by readings from fields, such as anthropology, philosophy, art history, and literature, that indicate the different ways of approaching the history of dance. LEC
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Students will analyze, interpret, reconstruct, and perform historic dance forms, such as the galliard and minuet, by working with treatises of Renaissance and Baroque dancing masters, scholarly studies, and other documentary materials. The dance forms will be studied in relation to the music, visual arts, and literature of the period. LEC
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Designed to provide an overview of key areas in performing arts administration, including professional speaking and writing, grant writing and development, publicity and marketing strategies, developing relationships with presenters and funders, and audience education. Through readings, class discussion, guest lectures with professionals from the field, and projects based on real-life scenarios, students will develop tools to further their careers as choreographers and performers. This focused study also provides individuals with the direction and means to employ their training in the field of performing arts administration and management at many different levels. This course prepares dance students for their entry into the professional arts marketplace. LEC
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This course is designed to increase knowledge and understanding of the movement problems experienced by older adults and to develop the student's ability to create movement interventions to address these concerns. Prerequisite: Open to juniors and seniors only. LEC
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Using the basic compas (rhythmic structures) of Flamenco, we will explore the different components of flamenco dance technique: floreo (spiraling fingers), brazeo (arm movements), palmas (rhythmic hand-clapping), marcaje (marking, or movement through space), vueltas (turns) and zapateado (footwork). We will cultivate an awareness of flamenco's unique posture, learn the structure of the different rhythmic forms and introduce the possibilities for personal expression and improvisation. LEC
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Investigation of a special topic or project in aesthetics, dance history, movement analysis, production, or a creative project. A maximum of six hours may be counted toward graduation. Prerequisite: At least seven hours of credit in dance courses. IND
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Supervised experience in teaching beginning level dance technique in the styles of ballet, jazz, or modern dance. Different approaches are analyzed, discussed, and tested in the studio. Prerequisite: Intermediate level of dance technique in the style of the practicum. FLD
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Teaching ballet, modern, or jazz dance technique to children or adults with faculty supervision in an academic or community program. Prerequisite: DANC 530 and consent of instructor. FLD
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In-depth research project in dance theory or history, or choreography project involving the complete development and presentation of a dance idea. Prerequisite: Performance option: DANC 320, DANC 350, DANC 450, TH&F 220 or TH&F 224, and permission of the dance division. Research option: DANC 340, DANC 370, DANC 375, DANC 460, and permission of the dance division. IND
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A study of current developments in dance with an emphasis on performance or research. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing and consent of instructor. IND
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Special studies in dance. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing and consent of instructor. LEC
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Special course designed to enable graduate students to develop a reading knowledge of Danish as a research skill. Enrollment for undergraduate credit is required. Does not satisfy any part of the undergraduate language requirement. Not open to native speakers of Danish. LEC
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Continuation of DANE 100 and introduction to reading Norwegian and Swedish. Not open to native speakers of Danish. Prerequisite: DANE 100 or equivalent. LEC
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Essentials of grammar, practice in speaking, reading, and writing Danish. Five hours of recitation per week. Not open to native speakers of Danish. LEC
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Course content similar to DANE 104, with additional work to expand the student's cultural context and understanding. Not open to native speakers of Danish or students who have completed DANE 104. Prerequisite: Open only to students admitted to the University Honors Program or by permission of instructor. LEC
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Continuation of grammar; practice in conversation, composition, and reading. Five hours of recitation per week. Not open to native speakers of Danish. Prerequisite: DANE 104 or permission of instructor. LEC
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Course content similar to DANE 108, with additional cultural study. Not open to native speakers of Danish or students who have completed DANE 108. Prerequisite: Open to students who received a grade of A in DANE 104 or an A or B in DANE 105. LEC
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A continuation of DANE 108. Structured grammar review, composition, conversation with readings of literary and cultural texts. Not open to native speakers of Danish. Prerequisite: DANE 108 or permission of instructor. LEC
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Course content similar to DANE 212, with additional cultural study. Not open to native speakers of Danish or students who have completed DANE 212. Prerequisite: Completion of DANE 108 with a grade of A, or DANE 109 with a grade of A or B. LEC
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A continuation of DANE 212. Structured grammar review, composition, conversation with readings of literary and cultural texts. Not open to native speakers of Danish. Prerequisite: DANE 212 or permission of instructor. LEC
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Course content similar to DANE 216, with additional cultural study. Not open to native speakers of Danish or students who have completed DANE 216. Prerequisite: Completion of DANE 212 with a grade of A, or DANE 213 with a grade of A or B. LEC
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This course is designed to teach speaking, reading, writing, and comprehension skills of first and second year Danish in one semester. Classes are held for four hours a day Monday through Friday (8:30 a.m. - 12:20 p.m.). There are intensive drills in grammar, integrated language lab work, and homework assignments. Not open to native speakers of Danish. Prerequisite: Admission to Danish Institute at the University of Kansas. LEC
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Applied music lessons for freshmen and sophomores not majoring in music. May be repeated for credit. IND
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Studio performance of solo, ensemble, and orchestral audition repertoire for students concurrently enrolled in violin (viola, etc.) study. For freshman and sophomores (120); juniors and seniors (320); graduate student (720) (as appropriate). May be repeated for credit. LEC
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Applied music lessons for freshmen majoring in music. May be repeated for credit. IND
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Applied music lessons for sophomores majoring in music. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: 121-level until the music major has accumulated 4 credits (8 for performance majors). IND
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Applied music lessons for juniors and seniors not majoring in music. May be repeated for credit. IND
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Studio performance of solo, ensemble, and orchestral audition repertoire for students concurrently enrolled in violin (viola, etc.) study. For freshman and sophomores (120); juniors and seniors (320); graduate student (720) (as appropriate). May be repeated for credit. LEC
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Applied music lessons for juniors majoring in music. Not for performance majors. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: 221-level until the music major has accumulated 8 credits. IND
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Applied music lessons for seniors majoring in music. Not for performance majors. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: 321-level until the music major has accumulated 12 credits. IND
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Applied music lessons. Must be taken in the semester a recital is being performed and as required by the degree program. Not for performance majors. IND
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Applied music lessons for juniors and seniors majoring in performance. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Performance majors must accumulate 16 credits at the 121/221 levels. IND
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Focus on human resource development and utilization as the student works with food service personnel. Learning encompasses recruiting, training, supervision, and evaluation of employees in a food service system. Open only to seniors majoring in dietetics. Prerequisite: Management concepts or personnel administration. LEC
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Application of theories and concepts pertaining to management functions and interdepartmental relationships in a variety of clinical food service settings. Consideration is given to the newer technological developments in the administration of food services. Open only to seniors majoring in dietetics. Prerequisite: Food service systems and management in dietetics. FLD
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Advanced experience in the practice of dietetics in an assigned setting. Problems and procedures will vary with interest and needs of the students. Open only to seniors majoring in dietetics. Prerequisite: Food service systems. FLD
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Directed observation and supervised experience in nutritional care of patients. Nutrition principles studied in DIET 670, Applied Normal Nutrition, and DIET 671, Nutrition in Medical Science, are applied in clinical situations. Open only to seniors majoring in dietetics. Prerequisite: Principles of nutrition; and nutrition throughout the life cycle. LEC
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Involves study and discussion of text and general materials pertaining to philosophy and methodology in the field of dietetics and nutrition. Guest lecturers will participate. May be repeated for credit providing no course duplication takes place. Open only to seniors majoring in dietetics. Prerequisite: Introduction to dietetics. FLD
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An overview of the nutritional therapies used for various disease disorders. The course emphasizes the nutritional care and treatment related to state of the art practice. LEC
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Applied study of the relationship of normal food and nutrition principles to health promotion in select stages of the lifecycle. LEC
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Study of the science of medical nutrition therapy and evidence based practice in the nutritional management of disease during specific stages of the life cycle. Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor LEC
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Advanced problems in drawing. Prerequisite: AFND 102 and three hours in design basic studies. LAB
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Figure drawing. Prerequisite: AFND 102 and DFND 103. LAB
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Continuation of DRWG 203. Prerequisite: DRWG 203. LAB
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Continuation of DRWG 213. Prerequisite: DRWG 213. LAB
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Figure drawing, a continuation of DRWG 213. Prerequisite: DRWG 213; membership in the University Honors Program or 3.25 minimum cumulative grade-point average; and permission of the department. LEC
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Course to be offered in area of special interest to individual faculty, and qualified students. (This course is not regularly offered. The current Schedule of Classes should be consulted.) May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: DRWG 203, or DRWG 213, or permission of instructor. LAB
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