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Principal Course Distribution Requirement

Principal courses offer introductions to the breadth of disciplines in the College. They acquaint students with the subject matter in an area, with the types of questions that are asked about that subject matter, with the knowledge that has been developed and is now basic to the area, and with the methods and standards by which claims to truth are judged.

Students must complete courses in topical groups in three major divisions (humanities, natural sciences and mathematics, and social sciences). For the B.A., three courses are required from each division, with no more than one course from any topical group. The B.G.S. requires two courses from each division, with no more than one from any topical group. To fulfill the requirement, a course must be designated as a principal course according to the codes listed below.

These are the major divisions, their topical subgroups, and the codes that identify them:

Humanities

  • HT: Historical studies
  • HL: Literature and the arts
  • HR: Philosophy and religion

Natural Sciences and Mathematics

  • NB: Biological sciences
  • NE: Earth sciences
  • NM: Mathematical sciences
  • NP: Physical science

Social Sciences

  • SC: Culture and society
  • SI: Individual behavior
  • SF: Public affairs

No course may fulfill both a principal course distribution requirement and a non-Western culture or second-level mathematics course requirement. Laboratory science courses designated as principal courses may fulfill both the laboratory science requirement and one of the distribution requirements. No free-standing laboratory course may by itself fulfill either the laboratory science requirement or a principal course requirement. Students should begin taking principal courses early in their academic careers. An honors equivalent of a principal course may fulfill a principal course requirement.

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Non-Western Culture Requirement

A non-Western culture course acquaints students with the culture, society, and values of a non-Western people, for example, from Asia, the Pacific Islands, the Middle East, or Africa. Students must complete one approved non-Western culture course.

One approved non-Western culture course is required. Occasionally courses with varying topics fulfill the non-Western culture course requirement. See the Schedule of Classes for details. These courses are coded NW.

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Transfer and Earned Credit Course Codes

These codes are used to evaluate transfer credit and to determine which academic requirements a course meets.

  • H: Humanities
  • N: Natural Sciences and Mathematics
  • S: Social Sciences
  • W: World Civilization and Culture
  • U: Undesignated Elective Credit (course does not satisfy distribution requirement)
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This course examines in detail the texts of speeches and essays on controversial issues in order to illustrate the varied forms of rhetorical action and the diverse modes of analysis and evaluation that can be applied to them. Examples are drawn from the rhetorical literature of contemporary U.S. speakers and prose writers. Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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An exploration of basic principles that explain the effect and effectiveness of the arts of persuasion currently practiced in American society. Class discussions of incidents leading to the discovery of principles and theories that explain them. Continuing emphasis on issues concerning the ethical character of persuasion in contemporary life. Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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Examines basic theoretical perspectives and research on verbal and nonverbal communication elements affecting communication between individuals in a variety of contexts. Topics include communication competence, developmental aspects of interpersonal communication, and interpersonal influence. Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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This course attempts to provide an understanding of communication as it affects culture and as it is affected by culture. Special emphasis will be placed on the principle of similarity and differences as it relates to the roles of verbal and non-verbal symbols, codes, and cues, stereotypes, prejudices and value and thought patterning systems between and among cultures. Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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This course provides a foundation for the study of communication in organizational contexts. It introduces students to various organization theories including classical, human relations, systems, and cultural approaches and examines the role of communication in each. Information flow, communication climate, communication networks, work relationships and managerial communication are discussed as well as organizational symbolism, conflict resolution, rituals and ethics. The course is designed to heighten students' awareness of the role of communication in the organizing process and to develop their abilities to diagnose and prevent communication-related problems. Prerequisite: COMS 130 or COMS 150. LEC
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This course introduces social and communication issues in the context of online interaction. Surveys a range of social internet technologies (e.g., newsgroups, chat, MUDs, etc.). Focus is on the interpersonal topics, including the establishment and maintenance of individual and cultural identities, personal relationships, the emergence of online communities, power and conflict in online groups, language use in online contexts, and how online groups are used to enhance or alter civic and global cultures. LEC
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The purpose of this course is to develop effective written, spoken, and electronically mediated communication skills necessary for business. Students will write short technical reports, plan meetings and conferences, prepare and present briefings and persuasive proposals with visual aids, and examine the use of new communication technologies. Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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Guided experiences in the preparation and presentation of discourse intended to influence outcomes of human interactions in various speaker-audience situations, including television. Special emphasis on speech styles in influencing thought, attitudes, and behavior. Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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Historical survey of theories of communication and persuasion, the people who produced them, and the philosophical assumptions upon which they rest. Beginning with the Greeks, especially Plato and Aristotle, and ending with selections from Kenneth Burke and other contemporary figures, the course focuses on changing concepts of rhetoric throughout a time span of some 2000 years. Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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This course investigates the ways in which rhetorical strategies (persuasive and linguistic usage) permeate the relationship between politics and politicians and the mass media. We will analyze media coverage of political debates, the presidential use of radio, television and press conferences, and the network evening news coverage of political events to see how political decisions are influenced by and influence the media. (Same as POLS 521.) Prerequisite: COMS 130 or COMS 150. LEC
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This course introduces basic concepts important to leading and/or participating in problem-solving work teams. Problem identification and analysis and leadership are emphasized and practiced. Teamwork variables are discussed and promoted. Lecture, demonstrations, exercises in class are structure for students to analyze groups outside of class. Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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This course studies communication issues, theories, research and skills applicable to sustaining and enriching long-term relationships, such as families, friendships and close workplace collaborations. Emphasis is given to applying course concepts to students' own relationships and interaction in class. Prerequisite: COMS 244. LEC
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An introduction to the nature of theory and theory building in the study of human communication. Research methods include experimentation, survey, content analysis, and field description. An introduction to statistics and statistical tests is included as well. Prerequisite: MATH 101 and admission to the Communication Studies major or consent of instructor. LEC
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An examination of dyadic level communication in organizations, with emphasis on contexts of superior-subordinate and peer communication. The course also addresses contexts of organizational entry and exit, perception and judgment, information seeking, feedback, and organizational attachment. Prerequisite: COMS 310. LEC
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An exploration of the communication patterns and challenges between organizational groups and organizations as a whole. Key elements include networks, boundary spanning, inter-organizational collaboration, and the role of technology in linking large organizational components. Prerequisite: COMS 310 or instructor permission. LEC
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Examination of the communication challenges faced by distributed organizations, especially those with a global presence. Topics include telework, virtual terms, and new processes required to support interaction among people located in several different places. Prerequisite: COMS 310 or permission of instructor. LEC
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Examines the social, cultural, and economic challenges and opportunities advanced communication technologies and globalization pose to processes such as democratic deliberation, urban governance, and environmental sustainability. Prerequisite: COMS 130. LEC
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This course provides an overview of the role of communication in leadership in a variety of contexts, including: interpersonal, small group, intercultural, organizational, and public sphere. It will include theoretical and experiential approaches to effective leadership communication. Prerequisite: Admission to Leadership Minor or consent of instructor. LEC
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Changing styles of public discourse are examined from the beginning of the nation to contemporary times, and the generic forms of address that have emerged from our national dialogue, such as jeremiads, inaugurals and apologies, are studied from a formistic perspective. Prerequisite: COMS 235. LEC
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Focuses attention on the relationship between communication and gender, including both physical and psychological dimensions. Topics include: sex role orientations and stereotypes; perceived and actual differences in verbal and nonverbal communication behaviors; the influence of gender on communication in a variety of contexts. Prerequisite: COMS 356 or instructor consent. LEC
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This course is a survey of the many disciplines found in the field of health communication, including persuasion that targets health-related behavior, negotiation of treatment with health care providers, emotional support of patients, news media coverage of medical research, and health campaign principles. Prerequisite: COMS 130. LEC
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An examination of the barriers to effective communication between black Americans and non-black Americans. (Same as AAAS 420.) Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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Theories and elements of love in a variety of types of relationships, with attention to religious ethical traditions and social and behavioral sciences. Includes small group discussions and application to personal experience. (Same as REL 475.) Prerequisite: Junior standing or above. LEC
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Course organized any given semester to study particular subject matter or to take advantage of special competence by an individual faculty member. Topics change as needs and resources develop. Class discussion, readings, and individual projects. (Distribution credit given for two or three hours only.) LEC
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Course organized any given semester to study particular subject matter or to take advantage of special competence by an individual faculty member. Topics change as needs and resources develop. Class discussion, readings, and individual projects. (Distribution credit given for two or three hour enrollments only.) LEC
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This course is intended for honor students who want to learn more about the history of communication studies, major areas of research, or more in-depth knowledge about special communication-related topics. Areas to be covered may change as needs and resources change. LEC
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(Six hours maximum credit, which may be distributed through two semesters.) Study should include readings directed toward original research, i.e., an intensive investigation of a specific problem in this field. Prerequisite: Consent of the Department Honors Committee. IND
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(A maximum of six hours of credit may be counted, with not more than four in a single area of study.) Investigation of a special topic or project selected by the student with advice, approval, and supervision of an instructor. Such study may take the form of directed reading, or special research, individual reports and conferences. (Distribution credit given for two-three hours only.) Prerequisite: At least seven hours of credit in the department and consent of instructor. IND
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This course is designed to acquaint students with the shifting manner of public discourse in Post-Soviet Russia and help them to explore in some depth cross-cultural communication between America and Russia. In addition to contemporary and historical background on Russian communicative practices, students examine discourse in business development, mass media, marketing, and advertising. All readings in English. (Same as SLAV 503). LEC
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Examination of the ways in which American presidents communicate with the American people and how such communication influences the public. Emphasis is on a number of approaches to better understanding presidential communication, including rhetorical, historical, and content analysis. Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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Students do communication-centered fieldwork in an organization related to their career goals. Criteria for the organizations and work assignments suitable for internship credit are in an information brochure available at the COMS Department office and website. The internship plan is developed with field supervisor and internship faculty adviser. Reports and meetings are required. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor, admission to COMS major. FLD
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This seminar serves as the capstone course for the Leadership Studies minor. It includes advanced readings on leadership theory and practice, as well as major written and applied projects in which students integrate and demonstrate what they have learned in the program. Prerequisite: COMS 201, COMS 431, and admission to the Leadership Studies minor. LEC
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Students engage in a variety of training programs and field experiences in which they learn about leadership, observe leaders in action, and involve themselves in leadership activities. Written assignments and group discussions are used to analyze their learning. Should be taken for a total of three credit hours, across more than one semester. Prerequisite: COMS 201 and admission to the Leadership Studies minor. FLD
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A history of American public address from the Puritans to about 1900. Using the tools of rhetorical criticism, students describe, analyze, and evaluate select rhetoric from the period. Graduate students are assigned extra reading and a research paper. Prerequisite: COMS 235. LEC
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A history of American public address from 1900 to the present. Using the tools of rhetorical criticism, students describe, analyze, and evaluate select rhetoric from the period. Graduate students are assigned extra reading and a research paper. Prerequisite: COMS 235. LEC
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An examination of conflict situations and the manner in which communication can serve as a vehicle for their intensification or resolution. The focus is on the theory of games as it applies to conflict within interpersonal situations; implications will be drawn for larger social systems. Prerequisite: COMS 356 or an equivalent research methods course. LEC
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This course focuses on the social scientific study of persuasion. Traditional theories of attitude change and persuasion research are studied along with techniques of measuring attitudes. Attention is also given to the attitude-behavior relationship and the production of compliance-gaining messages. Prerequisite: COMS 356 or an equivalent research methods course. LEC
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Analysis of the theory and techniques of argumentation in historical and contemporary writings, with special emphasis on the works of Aristotle, John Stuart Mill, Richard Whateley, and Stephen Toulmin. Application of argumentation theory to political and legal discourse. Opportunity for student performances in the preparation and criticism of argument. Prerequisite: Four hours in the department. LEC
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Theory and practice in leadership of small group interaction. Includes responsibility for conducting a semester-long series of group meetings in an educational context under the supervision of faculty, study and training in leadership skills, a weekly practicum seminar, and individual conferences with supervising instructor. May be taken more than once, but not for more than four hours total credit. (Distribution credit given for two-three hours only.) Prerequisite: COMS 344, COMS 455, and permission of instructor. FLD
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Intensive exploration of contemporary theories and research in the field of interpersonal communication; emphasis on an array of theoretical models and research exemplars; comparative analysis of major theoretical and research paradigms. Prerequisite: COMS 244 and COMS 356 or an instructor consent. LEC
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This course covers the types, structure, and presentation of oral narratives as they are used in public address, organizational leadership, conversation, spiritual discourse, parenting, counseling, and other contexts. Prerequisite: COMS 130. LEC
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Examination of the ways in which communication changes across the life-span, and influences human development. Course will include topics such as barriers to communication among elderly populations; communication and mis-communication across generations; the role of language in constructing life-span development (e.g., the mid-life crisis); development of language and social interaction during childhood; peer relationships and communication in adolescence; uses and effects of mass communication across the life-span. Prerequisite: COMS 244 and COMS 356. LEC
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A study of the systematic relationship between communication and culture. Emphasis is on culture as a variable in communicative situations: cultural aspects of attitude and cognition, language interchange, cultural differences in extra-verbal behavior, interaction between oral traditions and mass media. Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, COMS 230, or an introduction course in anthropology. LEC
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Comprehensive study of communication processes in dyadic, face-to-face situations commonly encountered in organizations and professional environments. Intensive analysis of simulated and real-life interviews. Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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This course will deal with communication between organizational personnel and their customers or clients. Case studies and research concerning communication behaviors of service providers and salespeople will be covered. Prerequisite: COMS 310. LEC
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Application of ethical standards to the evaluation of public communication. Examination of value questions related to advocacy in modern society (propaganda, demagoguery, credibility). Analysis of First Amendment rights and other issues pertaining to censorship and freedom of speech (defamation, dissent, incitement, public morals, privacy). Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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A study of the rhetoric of black Americans, from their earliest protest efforts to the contemporary scene, with focus on the methods and themes employed to alter their status in American society. (Same as AAAS 534.) Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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An analysis of the themes and rhetorical strategies of the women's rights movement in America. The course will view the struggle for women's rights from a historical perspective and will conclude with contemporary issues concerning the role of women in society. Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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This course examines political communication as it evolves throughout a political campaign and includes such topics as theories and strategies, stages in political campaigns, influence of the mass media, television advertising, candidate debates, polling, and the use of new technologies in delivering campaign communication. Selected examples from recent campaigns illustrate the strategies and effects of political communication as we examine how politicians persuade us to vote for them. Prerequisite: A course in communication studies. LEC
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A study of the social and cultural importance of popular culture. Emphasis is on using rhetorical analysis and a number of important theoretical perspectives to help examine popular culture's often unnoticed influence. Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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Explores the major communication theories and research in the East Asian cultural contexts by focusing on the Chinese, Japanese, and Korean cultures. Examines, from a broader perspective, certain cultural values (e.g. harmony, hierarchy, conservatism, and modernism) upheld in East Asian cultures and their influences on people's communicative behaviors in an age of globalization. Students explore issues of history, identity, verbal and non-verbal symbols, stereotypes, prejudice, values and thought patterning systems in the East Asian cultural context from a communicative perspective. This course is designed as a bridge course and meets with a graduate level section of the same title. Prerequisite: COMS 246. LEC
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Course organized any given semester to study particular subject matter or to take advantage of special competence by an individual faculty member. Topics change as needs and resources develop. Class discussion, readings, and individual projects. (Distribution credit given for two-three hours only.) LEC
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Course organized any given semester to study particular subject matter or to take advantage of special competence by an individual faculty member. Topics change as needs and resources develop. Class discussion, readings, and individual projects. (May be repeated for credit if content varies). LEC
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Examination of non-linguistic behavior in human communication, including proxemics (spacing), kinesics (movement and expression), and paralinguistics (voice quality). Includes phylogenetic and developmental perspectives, methods of analysis, applications to interpersonal problems. (Same as PSYC 590.) Prerequisite: COMS 356 or PSYC 210 or PSYC 211. LEC
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This course involves an examination of presidential rhetoric, including a focus on the strategies present in presidential discourse, the function that this rhetoric serves, and the historical context in which it was presented. One or more important presidential rhetors will be covered each semester. This course can be repeated for credit if taken under a different topic. LEC
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Emphasis is on actual practice in preparing speech manuscripts for oneself and others. Model speeches are examined to better understand language, evidence, and stylistic choices available to speech writers. The ethical dimensions of writing for others in corporate and political positions are stressed. Students are required to prepare a variety of speeches and analyses of others' speeches. Prerequisite: COMS 130, COMS 150, or COMS 230. LEC
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This course will focus on contemporary political communication theory and illustrate how such theories are exemplified in modern political contexts: political arguments and developing consensus, constitutional issues and hearings, the rhetorical presidency, the dissemination of political information, and political uses of definition. (Same as POLS 520.) Prerequisite: COMS 130 or COMS 150. LEC
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This course explores the impact of new communication technology on individuals and groups in various contexts. Topics include: The development of computer-mediated communication, social and psychological impacts of new communication technology, the evolution of telework and advances in interactive telecommunications. LEC
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An analysis of how communication principles and theories operate within the context of the legal system. Topics covered will include the lawyer/client interview, depositions and pre-trial discovery, settlement negotiation, jury selection, opening and closing statements, and witness testimony. Prerequisite: COMS 130 or COMS 150. LEC
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Examination of the processes and factors affecting communication in an intercultural context, and of methods of training for intercultural communication roles. Prerequisite: COMS 547 and an introductory course in anthropology, or consent of instructor. LEC
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This course introduces students to the major theories of and prominent research in mass communication. The aim is to stimulate critical thinking about the content and effects of mass communication, develop critical consumption skills, and enhance awareness of public policy issues relating to the media. Students are required to read a variety of chapters and articles on mass communication, promoting independent investigation into specific areas of interest. This course is a bridge course and meets with a graduate level section of the same title. Prerequisite: COMS 356. LEC
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A study of interpersonal communication in management and professional development in intercultural situations. Focus on preparation of the global manager or professional in the organizational environment. Special attention to the problems and challenges of intercultural interactions in the context of multinational organizations. LEC
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Study of religious, cultural, and social traditions toward understanding the nature and purposes of human conflict. Analysis of various meanings of peace, with emphasis on study of nonviolent approaches to management of conflict. Class discussion, readings, and individual research projects. (Same as REL 669.) Prerequisite: Junior standing or above. LEC
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An introduction to the principles of conducting through exercises and musical examples designed to develop a specific technical skill. A study of the basic conducting patterns and their application. IND
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A continuation of COND 245. Prerequisite: COND 245. IND
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The basic principles of cardiovascular anatomy, with particular attention to the embryonic development. This course is designed to review cardiovascular anatomy. The course will include basic medical and cardiovascular terminology, embryologic development, and normal adult cardiovascular anatomy, including the great veins, arteries, coronary vessels and the conduction system. Normal cardiac anatomy is relation to the echocardiographic exam will be discussed. Prerequisites: Admission to Diagnostic Cardiac Sonography Program. LEC
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The basic principles of electrocardiography, with particular attention to basic normal and abnormal pattern recognition. This course is designed to present basic principles of ECG and the fundamentals of the ECG waveform. The student will be introduced to normal basic pattern and common abnormality recognition. Prerequisite: Admission to Diagnostic Cardiac Sonography Program. LEC
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Advanced principles of Doppler echocardiography, with particular attention to the practical application of same to the echo lab. This course is designed to introduce the students to the fundamental physical principles of Doppler Echocardiography and their application to the echocardiographic examination. The course will introduce students to the basic physics of Doppler ultrasound. The student will also be introduced to the fundamental principles of Pulse Wave, Continuous Wave and Color Flow Doppler and their application to diagnostic ultrasound. In addition, the student will be introduced to the objectives of the routine Doppler examination along with a definition of the normal Doppler exam. Prerequisite: Admission to diagnostic Cardiac Sonography Program. LEC
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Provide the student with the basic care skill necessary to function in the hospital and clinical setting. This course will provide the student with an introduction to the profession and the role of the cardiac sonographer. Patient care skills will be reviewed including patient transfer, proper ergonomics of scanning, measurement of vital signs, ankle brachial indices, hand hygiene, sterile technique, infection control, orientation to the hospital and clinical environment and effective communication skills. Prerequisite: Admission to the Diagnostic Cardiac Sonography Program. LEC
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Provide the student skills necessary to perform basic two-dimensional and m-mode imaging. The purpose of the clinical education of the program is to provide meaningful, well-balanced sonographic experiences for the sonographers in training. The clinical competency evaluation system is a method of evaluating the progress of the student's ability to perform two-dimensional echocardiograms. This method is designed to provide the students with an opportunity to progress at a rate consistent with his/her ability and knowledge. Clinical Practicum I will focus on the development of image recognition, anatomy identification and acquisition of two-dimensional imaging, measuring two-dimensional and m-mode of chamber size and calculation of ejection fraction. Prerequisite: Admission to the Diagnostic Cardiac Sonography Program. PRA
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The basic principles of cardiovascular physiology, with particular attention to the control mechanism of the cardiovascular system. This course will provide students with an understanding of the general concepts and control mechanisms of the cardiovascular system. A broad overview of the system will be discussed initially followed by in-depth presentation of the component parts of the cardiovascular system. This course will lead into Cardiovascular Physiology II, where emphasis will be placed on how the entire system operates and how the individual components are coordinated. Both courses will introduce the student to echocardiographic evaluation of cardiovascular physiology and evaluation using other diagnostic modalities when applicable. Prerequisite: Admission to Diagnostic Cardiac Sonography Program. LEC
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Advanced principles of Doppler echocardiography, with particular attention to the practical application of same echo lab. This course is designed to enable the student to apply Doppler physics and instrumentation principles to the actual Doppler echocardiography examination. The student will learn how to derive hemodynamic data from pulse-wave, continuous wave and color-flow Doppler examinations. The student will learn to effectively acquire accurate Doppler measurements and apply those data to the appropriate parameters and equations that are routinely used in the echo lab. Prerequisite: Introduction to Doppler Echocardiography and Instrumentation. LEC
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This course is designed to enable the student to understand the pathophysiology of acquired valvular heart disease. The etiology, physiology, cardiac auscultation, physical examination and symptoms and electrocardiographic findings associated with the various disease states will be covered. Two-dimensional and spectral and color flow Doppler findings associated with each valvular disease state will be evaluated. The student will learn to obtain and effectively apply accurate two-dimensional and Doppler measurements as they relate to evaluation and quantification of valvular disease. Prerequisite: Admission to the Diagnostic Cardiac Sonography Program LEC
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Provide the student skills necessary to perform basic two-dimensional, m-mode, spectral and color flow Doppler examination. The purpose of the clinical education of the program is designed to provide meaningful, well-balanced sonographic experiences for the sonographers in training. The experience is structured. The clinical competency evaluation system is a method of evaluating the echocardiograms and performance of students. This method is designed to provide the students with an opportunity to progress at a rate consistent with his/her ability and knowledge. Clinical Practicum II will focus on the development skills in spectral and color flow Doppler imaging. The following Doppler assessment skills will be developed in the clinical setting: pulse, continuous-wave and color flow Doppler. The students will be expected to continue enhancement and proficiency in two-dimensional and m-mode imaging developed in clinical practicum I. Prerequisite: DCS 306 PRA
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This course is designed to enable the student to understand the pathophysiology and echocardiographic findings associated with cardiomyopathies and systolic and diastolic assessment of the heart. The etiology, physiology, cardiac auscultation, physical examination and symptoms and EKG findings associated with the various disease states will be covered. The role of two-dimensional, M-mode and color flow and spectral Doppler in the evaluation of the various disease states will be evaluated. The student will learn to obtain and effectively apply accurate two-dimensional and Doppler measurements as they relate to evaluation and quantification of systolic and diastolic function and echocardiographic role of evaluation of diseases of the myocardium. Prerequisite: DCS 307 LEC
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The basis and advanced principles of ultrasound physics, with particular attention to the practical application of same to diagnostic ultrasound. The course is designed to present basic ultrasound physics principles and the fundamentals of diagnostic ultrasound instrumentation as they relate to ultrasound imaging and Doppler echocardiography. The course will cover basic ultrasound physics principles and the application of those principles to diagnostic ultrasound equipment. The student will be introduced to the basic components of the ultrasound machine that include the transducer, beam former, signal processor, image processor and display. The goal of the course is to show the students how an ultrasound machine creates an image and performs Doppler echocardiography and how to use the controls optimally. The student will be introduced to the physical principles of Pulsed Wave Doppler, Continuous Wave Doppler and Color Flow Doppler and the application of these modalities to diagnostic ultrasound. Prerequisite: Admission to Diagnostic Cardiac Sonography Program. LEC
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The basic principles of ancillary cardiovascular testing and interventional procedures, with particular attention to the relationship and applicability of same to cardiovascular ultrasound. This course is designed to provide the student with the skills necessary to interpret a clinical cardiology assessment and to familiarize the students with the special procedures utilized in the echocardiography laboratory. The student will be introduced to basic cardiac pharmacology and to basic cardiac laboratory values. Cardiovascular testing and interventional procedures will be reviewed. A specific goal of this course is to give the student the skills necessary to obtain a complete cardiac patient history. This course will also cover the role of echocardiography in the emergency room, operating room and in the intensive care unit. A detailed description of a transesophageal echocardiogram will be covered. The clinical indications and role of the sonographer is performing the procedure in the echo lab or in the operating room will also be discussed. The role of contrast in evaluation of the heart will be discussed along with the utility and techniques of administering contrast. Prerequisite: Admission to Diagnostic Cardiac Sonography Program LEC
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Provide the students with skills necessary to perform an echocardiogram and accurately assess valvular heart disease. This course is designed to allow the students to advance the skills learned in clinical practicum I and II in the clinical environment. The focus of this course will be on valvular heart disease, prosthetic valve surveillance and an introduction to stress echocardiography. The clinical instructor will formally evaluate the competency in each of the required skills. Prerequisite: DCS 308 PRA
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The advanced physics and Doppler instrumentation principles to enter the ultrasound profession and review for board certification examinations. The course is designed to present advanced ultrasound physics principles and diagnostic ultrasound instrumentation as they relate to ultrasound imaging and Doppler echocardiography. The course will cover advanced ultrasound physics principles and the application of those principles to diagnostic ultrasound equipment. The student will continue to enhance their general knowledge of components of the ultrasound machine that include transducer, beam former, signal processor, image processor and display. The course will include a review of the physics section of the certification examination. Prerequisite: Admission to Diagnostic Cardiac Sonography Program. LEC
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At the completion of this course the student will have the necessary knowledge to perform a complete echocardiographic assessment using the appropriate two-dimensional, m-mode, spectral and color flow Doppler information. The student will learn about the following disease states and their relationship to a cardiac evaluation: cardiac diseases secondary to systemic illness, connective tissue disorders, neurological diseases, endocrine, hematological disorders, pericardial disease, cardiac tumors and masses and disease of the great vessels. Prerequisite: DCS 402 LEC
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Provide the students with skills necessary to perform stress echocardiography, TEE and contrast echocardiography. The students will develop the skills necessary to perform stress echocardiography including patient preparation, acquisition of baseline 2D images, monitoring during stress testing and post exercise image acquisition selection. The role of the sonographer in the performance of TEE and the use of contrast echo in the clinical setting will be introduced in this clinical practicum. The students will demonstrate the ability to evaluate the presence and severity of a pericardial effusion and differentiate between constrictive and restrictive physiology. The course will include a basic review of normal EKG interpretation and abnormal of EKG tracing recognition. Prerequisite: DCS 405 PRA
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The basic principles of entering the ultrasound profession and review for board certification examinations. This course is designed to prepare the sonographer in training to evaluate and prepare for echocardiographic career opportunities in the following ways: (1) How to research the various types of career opportunities available to entry-level sonographer. (2) How to complete a resume and prepare for the interviewing process. (3) How to access the array of professional organizations and periodicals that will help maintain continuing education credits. (4) Summarize the disease states covered throughout the Adult Echo Series. The course will include a review of the adult echocardiography sections of certification examination. Prerequisites: Admission to Diagnostic Cardiac Sonography Program. LEC
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The basic principles congenital heart disease, with particular attention to the echocardiographic evaluation of the patient with known or suspected congenital heart disease. This course will provide students with an overview of congenital heart disease. A review of embryology will be presented initially, followed by discussion of the morphologic anatomy of the atria and ventricles. This course will give the student an introduction to the evaluation of congenital heart disease using the segmental approach. The student will incorporate knowledge of normal cardiovascular physiology and anatomy. Technical consideration will be presented for echocardiographic evaluation of the patient with known or suspected congenital heart disease. Other diagnostic modalities will be explored when applicable. Prerequisite: Admission to Diagnostic Cardiac Sonography Program. LEC
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The basic principles writing research papers and oral presentation, with particular attention to research techniques in collaboration with fellows and physicians. This course requires the sonographer in training to research an echocardiographic topic, write a paper about the topic and present the topic at noon conference in front of his peers, staff sonographers, nursing personnel, cardiology fellows and the medical staff. The student must present the natural history of the disease process, the historical approach to the diagnosis of the disease, an overview of the other modalities used in diagnosing the disease, the echocardiographic technique used in it diagnosis, and the scientific rationale behind the technique. In addition, the sonographer in training will include case studies in the presentation. The sonographer in training will be teamed with a cardiology fellow who will serve as both mentor and a resource during the development of this presentation. Prerequisite: Admission to Diagnostic Cardiac Sonography Program. LEC
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During this clinical practicum V the students will focus on the primary role of obtaining high quality ultrasound images of the heart and related structures. Developing sufficient skills in the performance of the technique so as to produce complete anatomical and functional information for the physician to interpret on a semi-independent basis. The student will be allowed to scan in a semi-independent manner after successful completion of competencies in valvular heart disease, regurgitation and stenotic lesions, myocardial disease, stress echocardiography (resting) have been completed in clinical practicum IV. TEE and observation of contrast echocardiography will continue to be completed with a clinical instructor. Prerequisite: DCS 409 PRA
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Orientation to the profession of cytotechnology including basic cell biology, ethics, the microscope, history of the profession. Also basic concepts of pathology are introduced including normal, benign proliferative, inflammatory, and reparative processes. The cellular alterations caused by these processes are introduced using the female genital system. The histology, anatomy, and endocrine system of the female genital tract are also covered. Microscopy of this section includes proper use and care of the microscope, hormonal cytology, and the range of normal reparative reactions. The recognition of specific infectious agents and/or their cellular manifestations is also included using the female genital tract as the body system under investigations. Prerequisite: Admissions to the Cytotechnology Program or permission of instructor. LEC
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The pathologic concepts of neoplasia, the morphogenesis of carcinoma, and the cellular changes associated with both premalignant and malignant changes of squamous cell lesions in the cervix are studied. Microscopy in this section includes pre-screening of clinical care load identifying normal and abnormal cellular criteria. Prerequisite: CYTO 300 or instructor's permission. LEC
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A continuation of CYTO 321 with the emphasis on lesions of the uterine corpus, metastatic lesions, and lesions of the vulva and vagina. Also treatment effect and pregnancy change are included in this section. Practical microscopy is also continued with the pre-screening of clinical cases. Prerequisite: CYTO 321 or instructor's permission. LEC
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Cytology lab regulations and QC requirements. Management requirements regarding safety, quality improvement, and personnel. Also, the normal, benign, and malignant changes of the upper and lower respiratory tract and the oral cavity. The anatomy, histology, and cytology of each of the body sites is studied as well as infectious agents common to these sites. Microscopy includes prescreening gynecologic material while further increasing speed and accuracy. Respiratory and oral specimens are also included in the practical microscopy. Students rotate through the processing laboratory. Prerequisite: CYTO 322 or permission of the instructor. LEC
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This course includes the cytology of the reticulo-endothelial system, effusions, CSF, and other miscellaneous fluids. Normal, benign, and malignant cellular criteria are covered as well as the anatomy and histology of each body site. Microscopy includes further practice in gyn material and all non-gyn specimens studied to this point. Students continue to use the processing laboratory on a rotating basis. Prerequisite: CYTO 355 or instructor's permission. LEC
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This course includes the cytology of the GI system, the breast, the urinary tract, and other miscellaneous body sites. The anatomy and histology of each of the body sites is studied; cellular criteria for benign, normal, and malignant changes are introduced. Advanced topics such as aspiration cytology will also be covered. Microscopy includes further practice in the pre-screening of gyn material as well as all non-gyn material studied to this point. Students continue to use the processing laboratory on a rotating basis. Prerequisite: CYTO 370 or instructor's permission. LEC
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