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Principal Course Distribution Requirement

Principal courses offer introductions to the breadth of disciplines in the College. They acquaint students with the subject matter in an area, with the types of questions that are asked about that subject matter, with the knowledge that has been developed and is now basic to the area, and with the methods and standards by which claims to truth are judged.

Students must complete courses in topical groups in three major divisions (humanities, natural sciences and mathematics, and social sciences). For the B.A., three courses are required from each division, with no more than one course from any topical group. The B.G.S. requires two courses from each division, with no more than one from any topical group. To fulfill the requirement, a course must be designated as a principal course according to the codes listed below.

These are the major divisions, their topical subgroups, and the codes that identify them:

Humanities

  • HT: Historical studies
  • HL: Literature and the arts
  • HR: Philosophy and religion

Natural Sciences and Mathematics

  • NB: Biological sciences
  • NE: Earth sciences
  • NM: Mathematical sciences
  • NP: Physical science

Social Sciences

  • SC: Culture and society
  • SI: Individual behavior
  • SF: Public affairs

No course may fulfill both a principal course distribution requirement and a non-Western culture or second-level mathematics course requirement. Laboratory science courses designated as principal courses may fulfill both the laboratory science requirement and one of the distribution requirements. No free-standing laboratory course may by itself fulfill either the laboratory science requirement or a principal course requirement. Students should begin taking principal courses early in their academic careers. An honors equivalent of a principal course may fulfill a principal course requirement.

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Non-Western Culture Requirement

A non-Western culture course acquaints students with the culture, society, and values of a non-Western people, for example, from Asia, the Pacific Islands, the Middle East, or Africa. Students must complete one approved non-Western culture course.

One approved non-Western culture course is required. Occasionally courses with varying topics fulfill the non-Western culture course requirement. See the Schedule of Classes for details. These courses are coded NW.

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Transfer and Earned Credit Course Codes

These codes are used to evaluate transfer credit and to determine which academic requirements a course meets.

  • H: Humanities
  • N: Natural Sciences and Mathematics
  • S: Social Sciences
  • W: World Civilization and Culture
  • U: Undesignated Elective Credit (course does not satisfy distribution requirement)
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Three class periods each week. A continuation of CHEM 624, intended for students who want further training in organic chemistry. Prerequisite: CHEM 624. LEC
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One five-hour laboratory period and one one-hour lecture each week. More advanced organic laboratory techniques with emphasis on modern spectroscopic methods for determining the structure and purity of organic compounds. Required by all programs which specify a full year of organic chemistry. Prerequisite: CHEM 625 and CHEM 626 or CHEM 626 concurrently. LAB
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Three class periods and one tutorial period each week. This is the first half of a two-semester sequence in organic chemistry for students with strong records in previous chemistry courses and who are planning or considering a major in a chemistry-related field. The content is similar to that of CHEM 624 but with coverage in greater depth and more emphasis on developing problem-solving skills. Students requiring only one semester of organic chemistry should not enroll in this course but take CHEM 622. Students with credit in CHEM 622 who take and complete CHEM 628 will have two hours added to their total number of credit hours required for graduation. Prerequisite: CHEM 188 or CHEM 189 and membership in the University Honors Program or consent of instructor. LEC
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Three class periods and one tutorial period each week. This is the second course in a two-semester sequence in organic chemistry for students with strong records in previous chemistry courses and who are planning or considering a major in chemistry or in a chemistry-related field. The content is similar to that of CHEM 626 but with coverage in greater depth and more emphasis on developing problem-solving skills. Prerequisite: CHEM 624 or CHEM 628 and membership in the University Honors Program, or consent of instructor. LEC
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Computational biology course designed to introduce the most important and basic concepts, methods, and tools used in biomolecular modeling and computer simulations. Topics include (but are not limited to) molecular mechanics, minimization, molecular dynamics, Monte Carlo simulation, explicit and implicit solvation, continuum electrostatics, statistical mechanics, advanced sampling techniques, and free energy calculations. The understanding of these concepts and algorithms as well as their applications to well-defined practical examples involving currently important biological problems are emphasized. The class is divided into a 2-hour lecture and 1-hour computer laboratory. (Same as BIOL 631.) Prerequisite: CHEM 184 and 188; MATH 115 or MATH 121; PHSX 114 and 115 or PHSX 211 and 212; Or permission of instructor. LEC
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Theory and application of instrumental methods to modern analytical problems. Topics covered include atomic and molecular spectroscopy, electrochemistry, mass spectrometry, and separations. Two class periods per week. Students must be enrolled concurrently in CHEM 636. Prerequisite: CHEM 516 and CHEM 517. CHEM 640 or CHEM 646 strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM 636. LEC
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Theory and application of instrumental methods to modern analysis problems. Experiments covered include atomic and molecular spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and separation methods. One five-hour laboratory each week. Students must be enrolled concurrently in CHEM 635. Prerequisite: CHEM 516 and CHEM 517. A course in physical chemistry is strongly recommended. Corequisite: CHEM 635. LAB
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A one semester course, designed particularly for biology, biochemistry, and premedical students, which surveys the fundamentals of physical chemistry. The basic principles of thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, quantum chemistry, and spectroscopy will be introduced, and their application to aqueous solutions and biochemical systems will be emphasized. Prerequisite: One semester of organic chemistry, two semesters of calculus, and two semesters of physics. LEC
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A course particularly for biology, biochemistry, and premedical students. Experiments in physical chemistry illustrating the fundamental principles of quantum mechanics, spectroscopy, thermodynamics, and kinetics as applied to chemical systems. Prerequisite: CHEM 640. LAB
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An introduction to the basic principles of quantum mechanics, atomic and molecular structure, molecular rotations and vibrations, group theory, spectroscopy, and statistical mechanics. Prerequisite: CHEM 188; PHSX 211 and PHSX 212; and MATH 121 and MATH 122; and completion of, or concurrent enrollment in MATH 290 or consent of instructor. LEC
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Experiments in physical chemistry, with emphasis on the fundamental principles of quantum mechanics and spectroscopy as applied to chemical systems. Prerequisite: CHEM 646. LAB
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Emphasizes the thermodynamics of molecular systems with application to the structure and properties of gases, liquids, solids, materials, statistical thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, and reaction dynamics. Prerequisite: CHEM 646; MATH 223 and MATH 290 or consent of instructor. LEC
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One four-hour laboratory and one one-hour lecture per week. Experiments in physical chemistry, with emphasis on the fundamental principles of chemical thermodynamics and kinetics. Prerequisite: CHEM 648 or consent of instructor. LEC
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A systematic study of the elements and their compounds, emphasizing the relationship between properties of substances and their atomic and molecular structures and the positions of the elements in the periodic systems. Prerequisite: CHEM 640 or CHEM 646 or CHEM 648, or CHEM 648 concurrently. LEC
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Experiments concerning the synthesis and characterization of inorganic compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM 667 or concurrent enrollment in CHEM 667. LAB
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Courses on special topics in chemistry, given as the need arises. Course may be repeated for different topics. Prerequisite: 20 hours of Chemistry. Each section may have additional prerequisites to be determined by the instructor. LEC
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The chemical nature of the biosphere; this course explores the fundamental chemistry underlying selected problems in air and water pollution. This class will meet for three 50 minute lectures each week. Prerequisite: CHEM 184, CHEM 188, and CHEM 622 and CHEM 624 or their equivalents. LEC
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Special topics and presentations by students and faculty in areas of current interest such as recent advancements in chemistry, professional development, societal issues facing chemists, and reports of ongoing research. This is a half-semester capstone course. Recommended for seniors. Prerequisite: CHEM 295. LEC
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May be repeated to accumulate a maximum of 10 credit hours. An undergraduate research course, in any of the fields of chemistry, consisting of either experimental work or the preparation of an extensive paper based on library investigation of a selected topic. A final report must be submitted to the department at the end of the semester. Open by permission of the department to those with at least 20 hours of chemistry. IND
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To be taken two semesters for a total of no more than 8 hours. An undergraduate research course, in any of the fields of chemistry. At the completion of the research, a written thesis, and an oral presentation will be required. Prerequisite: Admission to Chemistry Honors Program. IND
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Three hours of class per week plus outside use of recorded text materials. Basic spoken language instruction intended primarily for beginners planning travel or work in China and Taiwan. Introduction to basic written characters. Does not fulfill College of Liberal Arts and Sciences foreign language distribution requirements or department major and minor requirements. LEC
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Continuation of CHIN 100. Prerequisite: CHIN 100 or equivalent. LEC
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Taught mainly in the summer, this course covers about 75% of the material in CHIN 104, upon which this course is modeled. LEC
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Three hours of lecture and three hours of spoken drill each week. An introduction to spoken and written modern standard Chinese (Mandarin). Not open to students with native ability in Mandarin or Chinese dialect. Students who have any previous knowledge of Chinese must take a placement exam before enrolling in Chinese classes at K.U. Consult Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures for details. LEC
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Continuation of CHIN 102. Takes students through the end of CHIN 104 and the first half of CHIN 108. LEC
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Continuation of CHIN 104. Prerequisite: CHIN 101, CHIN 104, or equivalent. LEC
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An accelerated one semester course in elementary Chinese, covering the material of CHIN 104 and CHIN 108. Classes meet for two hours of lecture and one hour of drill daily. Emphasis on spoken language with grammar and readings in selected texts. No prerequisite. LEC
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Five hours of class and two hours of spoken drill. Readings in selected texts in modern Chinese. Prerequisite: CHIN 108 or equivalent. LEC
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Practice in speaking, presentation of prepared talks, and guided discussions. Prerequisite: CHIN 204 or equivalent. FLD
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Continuation of CHIN 204. Prerequisite: CHIN 204. LEC
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Instruction in reading and writing Chinese for students who already possess a degree of oral/aural proficiency. This course will prepare students for enrollment in CHIN 504, Advanced Modern Chinese I. No prerequisites. Consent of instructor required. LEC
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An introduction to Classical Chinese through detailed analysis of short original passages from a variety of early Chinese texts. Students gain a foundation in the grammar and vocabulary of Classical Chinese, preparing them for CHIN 544. The course is offered at the 300 and 500 levels, with additional requirements for students taking the 500 level. Prerequisite: A basic knowledge of Chinese characters (e.g. from CHIN 108 or JPN 108) and consent of the instructor, or CHIN 208 or JPN 208. Not open to students who have completed CHIN 542. LEC
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Guided discussions designed to increase fluency and further improve pronunciation. Prerequisite: CHIN 504 or equivalent. LEC
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Readings in Chinese on a subject selected by a student with the advice and direction of the instructor. Individual meetings and reports. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. IND
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Five hours of class and two of drill. Readings in selected modern Chinese literary texts and discussion in Chinese of recordings of stories and dramas. Prerequisite: CHIN 208 or equivalent. LEC
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Continuation of CHIN 504. Prerequisite: CHIN 504 or equivalent. LEC
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Readings in modern Chinese texts on a variety of subjects and discussion in Chinese. Prerequisite: CHIN 218 or equivalent. LEC
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Continuation of CHIN 512. Prerequisite: CHIN 512 or equivalent. LEC
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An introduction to Classical Chinese through detailed analysis of short original passages from a variety of early Chinese texts. Students gain a foundation in the grammar and vocabulary of Classical Chinese, preparing them for CHIN 544. The course is offered at the 300 and 500 levels, with additional requirements for students taking CHIN 542. Prerequisite: A basic knowledge of Chinese characters (e.g. from CHIN 108 or JPN 108) and consent of instructor, or CHIN 208 or JPN 208. Not open to students who have completed CHIN 342. LEC
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Classical Chinese is the language of the most famous works of Chinese philosophy and most Chinese literature before the twentieth century. The course introduces readings from a specific philosophical school or literary genre, for example: Confucian Philosophical Texts, Daoist Philosophical Texts, Poetry, Ming/Qing fiction, etc. Prerequisite: CHIN 342 or CHIN 542 or consent of the instructor. May be repeated for credit if content varies. LEC
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Readings and interpretation of varied modern Chinese texts. Continued study of the language in the form of oral discussion and written reports. Prerequisite: CHIN 504 or equivalent. LEC
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A continuation of CHIN 562 with materials of increasing difficulty. Prerequisite: CHIN 562. LEC
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An introduction to basic reference works in Chinese and Western languages, including dictionaries, encyclopedias, concordances, and bibliographies. Library organization and research methods will also be discussed. (Five week course.) Prerequisite: CHIN 208 or equivalent. LEC
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Students will read selections from materials on a given topic or topics. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: CHIN 564 or permission of instructor. IND
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Varying topics with varying prerequisites. LEC
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Open through audition. Study and performance of significant choral music from the major periods of music history. For freshmen and sophomores. LAB
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Open through audition. Study and public performance of significant choral music from the major periods of music history. For freshmen and sophomores. LAB
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A choral ensemble for male singers. The group will study, rehearse, and perform traditional and contemporary choral music for men's chorus. A formal audition is not required. ACT
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A select choral ensemble of 16-20 singers specializing in challenging music of all periods. Open by audition to experienced sight readers and ensemble singers. Concurrent membership in another choir encouraged. For freshmen and sophomores. LAB
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A choral ensemble for women singers. The group will study, rehearse, and perform traditional and contemporary choral music for women's chorus. For freshmen and sophomores. ACT
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A choral ensemble that meets during the summer term. ACT
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Intensive study and public performance of significant choral literature. Membership by audition. For freshmen and sophomores. LAB
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May be repeated for credit. (Same as MUSC 254.) Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. ACT
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A choral ensemble directed by student conductors under the supervision of the choral faculty. ACT
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Open through audition. Study and performance of significant choral music from the major periods of music history. For juniors and seniors. LAB
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Open through audition. Study and public performance of significant choral music from the major periods of music history. For juniors and seniors. LAB
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A choral ensemble for male singers. The group will study, rehearse, and perform traditional and contemporary choral music for men's chorus. A formal audition is not required. ACT
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A chorus for opera or musical theatre productions. Open by audition in conjunction with the theatre department. LAB
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A choral ensemble for women singers. The group will study, rehearse, and perform traditional and contemporary choral music for women's chorus. For juniors and seniors. LAB
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A select choral ensemble of 16-20 singers specializing in challenging music of all periods. Open by audition to experienced sight readers and ensemble singers. Concurrent membership in another choir encouraged. For juniors, seniors, and graduate students. LAB
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A choral ensemble that meets during the summer term. ACT
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A survey of selected choral repertoire available for the high school choral conductor. Both sacred and secular choral literature from the major periods of music history will be studied and analyzed in terms of the problems therein which may be encountered by high school choral conductors. Fall semester and summer only. Prerequisite: MEMT 246, MEMT 330, MEMT 700, and/or consent of instructor. LEC
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Intensive study and public performance of significant choral literature. Membership by audition. For juniors, seniors, and graduate students. LAB
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May be repeated for credit. (Same as MUSC 654.) Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. ACT
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A choral ensemble directed by student conductors in the Division of Organ and Church Music under the supervision of faculty. ACT
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A choral ensemble directed by student conductors in the Division of Organ and Church Music under the supervision of faculty. ACT
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Applied music lessons for freshmen and sophomores not majoring in music. May be repeated for credit. IND
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Applied music lessons for freshmen majoring in music. May be repeated for credit. IND
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Applied music lessons for sophomores majoring in music. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: 121-level until the music major has accumulated 4 credits (8 for performance majors). IND
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Applied music lessons for juniors and seniors not majoring in music. May be repeated for credit. IND
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Applied music lessons for juniors majoring in music. Not for performance majors. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: 221-level until the music major has accumulated 8 credits. IND
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Applied music lessons for seniors majoring in music. Not for performance majors. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: 321-level until the music major has accumulated 12 credits. IND
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Applied music lessons. Must be taken in the semester a recital is being performed and as required by the degree program. Not for performance majors. IND
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Applied music lessons for juniors and seniors majoring in performance. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Performance majors must accumulate 16 credits at the 121/221 levels. IND
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An introductory overview of the professions of Clinical Laboratory Sciences and Cytotechnology including types of analyses performed, specialties, interrelationships in the health care system and a visit to a clinical laboratory. This course will enable those considering a major in the Clinical Laboratory Sciences to have a clear definition of the professions. (Same as BIOL 210.) LEC
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Principles and practice of collecting blood specimens for clinical laboratory analyses. Includes specimen identification, equipment, anticoagulants, safety precautions, specimen transport, and processing. Hepatitis immunization required. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Science Program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Student laboratory class room experience with recitation addressing introductory clinical chemistry and basic antigen-antibody based techniques useful in the clinical chemistry laboratory (immunochemical methods). Laboratory skills addressed will include: laboratory math; quality control; pipeting; instruments and methods (both immunochemical and traditional) used in analysis of a variety of body fluids. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of the instructor. LAB
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Introductory principles of testing, methods of analysis, data interpretation, and clinical significance of routine clinical chemistry procedures and instrumentation. Prerequisite: CLS 523 or consent of instructor. LEC
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Pathogenesis and disease processes of pathogenic, opportunistic, and saprophytic bacteria; composition and preparation of media; sterilization and disinfection; antimicrobial agents; topics related to theory and applications of the foregoing. The relationships between fundamental and applied microbiology are stressed. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of the instructor. LEC
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A laboratory classroom experience and recitation that addresses the culture of clinically significant bacteria and diagnostic procedures. PREREQUISITE: CLS 532 or CLS 532 concurrently, or consent of the instructor. LAB
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Fundamentals of hematopoiesis; the physiology, function, and cytochemistry of normal and abnormal blood cells; the theory and performance of clinical laboratory methods related to these parameters. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of the instructor. LEC
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A laboratory classroom experience and recitation involving performance of fundamental hematology laboratory procedures with emphasis on basic hematologic techniques and the identification of normal and abnormal cells in the peripheral blood and bone marrow. Prerequisite: CLS 536, or CLS 536 concurrently, or consent of the instructor. LAB
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Intermediate principles of testing, methods of analysis, data interpretation, and clinical chemistry procedures and instrumentation with an emphasis on instrumentation theory, preventative maintenance, and trouble shooting. Prerequisite: CLS 530 and CLS 531 or consent of instructor. LEC
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