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Principal Course Distribution Requirement

Principal courses offer introductions to the breadth of disciplines in the College. They acquaint students with the subject matter in an area, with the types of questions that are asked about that subject matter, with the knowledge that has been developed and is now basic to the area, and with the methods and standards by which claims to truth are judged.

Students must complete courses in topical groups in three major divisions (humanities, natural sciences and mathematics, and social sciences). For the B.A., three courses are required from each division, with no more than one course from any topical group. The B.G.S. requires two courses from each division, with no more than one from any topical group. To fulfill the requirement, a course must be designated as a principal course according to the codes listed below.

These are the major divisions, their topical subgroups, and the codes that identify them:

Humanities

  • HT: Historical studies
  • HL: Literature and the arts
  • HR: Philosophy and religion

Natural Sciences and Mathematics

  • NB: Biological sciences
  • NE: Earth sciences
  • NM: Mathematical sciences
  • NP: Physical science

Social Sciences

  • SC: Culture and society
  • SI: Individual behavior
  • SF: Public affairs

No course may fulfill both a principal course distribution requirement and a non-Western culture or second-level mathematics course requirement. Laboratory science courses designated as principal courses may fulfill both the laboratory science requirement and one of the distribution requirements. No free-standing laboratory course may by itself fulfill either the laboratory science requirement or a principal course requirement. Students should begin taking principal courses early in their academic careers. An honors equivalent of a principal course may fulfill a principal course requirement.

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Non-Western Culture Requirement

A non-Western culture course acquaints students with the culture, society, and values of a non-Western people, for example, from Asia, the Pacific Islands, the Middle East, or Africa. Students must complete one approved non-Western culture course.

One approved non-Western culture course is required. Occasionally courses with varying topics fulfill the non-Western culture course requirement. See the Schedule of Classes for details. These courses are coded NW.

View all approved non-Western culture courses »

Transfer and Earned Credit Course Codes

These codes are used to evaluate transfer credit and to determine which academic requirements a course meets.

  • H: Humanities
  • N: Natural Sciences and Mathematics
  • S: Social Sciences
  • W: World Civilization and Culture
  • U: Undesignated Elective Credit (course does not satisfy distribution requirement)
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Varying topics with varying prerequisites. LEC
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Advanced language training for the study of Chinese sources in the humanities or social science field of the student. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. RSH
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A detailed examination of various Chinese language reference works and research materials. Emphasis will be placed on the use of different types of reference works to carry out research strategies. Prerequisite: CHIN 504 or equivalent and CHIN 580. LEC
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Open through audition. Study and performance of significant choral music from the major periods of music history. For freshmen and sophomores. LAB
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Open through audition. Study and public performance of significant choral music from the major periods of music history. For freshmen and sophomores. LAB
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A choral ensemble for male singers. The group will study, rehearse, and perform traditional and contemporary choral music for men's chorus. A formal audition is not required. ACT
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A select choral ensemble of 16-20 singers specializing in challenging music of all periods. Open by audition to experienced sight readers and ensemble singers. Concurrent membership in another choir encouraged. For freshmen and sophomores. LAB
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A choral ensemble for women singers. The group will study, rehearse, and perform traditional and contemporary choral music for women's chorus. For freshmen and sophomores. ACT
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A choral ensemble that meets during the summer term. ACT
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Intensive study and public performance of significant choral literature. Membership by audition. For freshmen and sophomores. LAB
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May be repeated for credit. (Same as MUSC 254.) Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. ACT
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A choral ensemble directed by student conductors under the supervision of the choral faculty. ACT
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Open through audition. Study and performance of significant choral music from the major periods of music history. For juniors and seniors. LAB
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Open through audition. Study and public performance of significant choral music from the major periods of music history. For juniors and seniors. LAB
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A choral ensemble for male singers. The group will study, rehearse, and perform traditional and contemporary choral music for men's chorus. A formal audition is not required. ACT
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A chorus for opera or musical theatre productions. Open by audition in conjunction with the theatre department. LAB
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A choral ensemble for women singers. The group will study, rehearse, and perform traditional and contemporary choral music for women's chorus. For juniors and seniors. LAB
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A select choral ensemble of 16-20 singers specializing in challenging music of all periods. Open by audition to experienced sight readers and ensemble singers. Concurrent membership in another choir encouraged. For juniors, seniors, and graduate students. LAB
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A choral ensemble that meets during the summer term. ACT
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A survey of selected choral repertoire available for the high school choral conductor. Both sacred and secular choral literature from the major periods of music history will be studied and analyzed in terms of the problems therein which may be encountered by high school choral conductors. Fall semester and summer only. Prerequisite: MEMT 246, MEMT 330, MEMT 700, and/or consent of instructor. LEC
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Intensive study and public performance of significant choral literature. Membership by audition. For juniors, seniors, and graduate students. LAB
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May be repeated for credit. (Same as MUSC 654.) Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. ACT
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May be repeated for credit. LEC
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A study of the essential factors necessary for the understanding and subsequent interpretation of various compositions of advanced choral music. Offered in the summer session only. LEC
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Stylistic, expressive, and technical considerations essential for making effective bowing decisions. Prerequisite: A course in conducting. LAB
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Study of methods to teach and learn diction in choral music contexts. Attention to International Phonetic Alphabet, acoustic implications of particular phonemes, and contributions of emerging technologies. Application of various languages, including English, Latin, Italian, French, German, and Spanish. (Same as MEMT 825.) LEC
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Scientific approaches to the pedagogy of adolescent male and female voices during voice change. (Same as MEMT 826.) LEC
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Scientific approaches to understanding and working with unchanged children's voices. (Same as MEMT 827.) LEC
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Comprehensive examination of vocal anatomy, respiration, phonation, resonance, articulation, and voice development, with particular attention to research-based vocal/choral pedagogies for working with child through senior adult voices. (Same as MEMT 828.) Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. LEC
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A study of anthems for Lectionary years A, B, and C. For church choir directors and church music majors. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. LAB
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Techniques of arranging for large and small choral groups, with and without accompaniment. Prerequisite: MTHC 253 or consent of instructor. LEC
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This course will provide the student with an overview of historical, analytical, qualitative, and quantitative approaches used in the research of choral music and issues related to teaching and conducting in the choral field. LEC
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A choral ensemble directed by student conductors in the Division of Organ and Church Music under the supervision of faculty. ACT
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A choral ensemble directed by student conductors in the Division of Organ and Church Music under the supervision of faculty. ACT
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History of Jewish music; history of church music and the thought about church music through the Middle Ages. LEC
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History of church music and the thought about church music from the period of the Renaissance/Reformations through the Baroque era with special emphasis on hymnology, and anthem literature. LEC
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History of church music and the thought about church music from the 19th century to the present with special emphasis on hymnology, and anthem literature. LEC
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A survey of sacred choral literature focusing on the development of the motet, the mass, and the cantata. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. LEC
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Topics vary by semester. May be repeated for credit. LEC
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Hymn playing, service playing techniques, anthem accompaniment, conducting from the console and improvisation. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. LEC
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Continuation of CHUR 806. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. LEC
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The history of liturgy in Jewish and Christian traditions as well as historical criticism and interpretation of liturgy. LEC
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Readings, discussion and projects concerning architecture, visual art, literature, drama, poetry, dance, and film as they have developed in the Judeo-Christian tradition. LEC
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Issues in the relationship between religion and the arts. LEC
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A survey of significant anthem literature. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. LEC
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Handbell history, literature, performance, and rehearsal techniques. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. LEC
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A study of the history and literature of children's choirs, vocal characteristics of children, and rehearsal procedures with the children's choir. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. LEC
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A study of the historical development of hymnody. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. LEC
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Applied study in improvisation at the organ. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. LEC
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Applied music lessons for freshmen and sophomores not majoring in music. May be repeated for credit. IND
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Applied music lessons for freshmen majoring in music. May be repeated for credit. IND
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Applied music lessons for sophomores majoring in music. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: 121-level until the music major has accumulated 4 credits (8 for performance majors). IND
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Applied music lessons for juniors and seniors not majoring in music. May be repeated for credit. IND
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Applied music lessons for juniors majoring in music. Not for performance majors. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: 221-level until the music major has accumulated 8 credits. IND
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Applied music lessons for seniors majoring in music. Not for performance majors. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: 321-level until the music major has accumulated 12 credits. IND
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Applied music lessons. Must be taken in the semester a recital is being performed and as required by the degree program. Not for performance majors. IND
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Applied music lessons for juniors and seniors majoring in performance. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Performance majors must accumulate 16 credits at the 121/221 levels. IND
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For graduate students not majoring in clarinet. May be repeated for credit. Summer session limit one to three hours. IND
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For graduate students majoring in clarinet. May be repeated for credit. Summer session limit one to three hours. IND
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A study of clarinet repertoire and performance techniques in the 18th and 19th centuries. LEC
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A study of clarinet repertoire and performance techniques from 1900 to the present. LEC
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Individual instruction. Open only to students who have been admitted to the D.M.A. curriculum in clarinet. May be repeated for credit. Summer session limit one to three hours. RSH
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Maximum seven hours credit. RSH
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A lecture-recital and scholarly paper on a subject pertinent to the student's major field. Open only to candidates for the D.M.A. in performance. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. RSH
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A scholarly paper on a subject pertinent to the student's major field. Open only to candidates for the D.M.A. in performance and conducting. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. RSH
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An introductory overview of the professions of Clinical Laboratory Sciences and Cytotechnology including types of analyses performed, specialties, interrelationships in the health care system and a visit to a clinical laboratory. This course will enable those considering a major in the Clinical Laboratory Sciences to have a clear definition of the professions. (Same as BIOL 210.) LEC
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Principles and practice of collecting blood specimens for clinical laboratory analyses. Includes specimen identification, equipment, anticoagulants, safety precautions, specimen transport, and processing. Hepatitis immunization required. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Science Program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Student laboratory class room experience with recitation addressing introductory clinical chemistry and basic antigen-antibody based techniques useful in the clinical chemistry laboratory (immunochemical methods). Laboratory skills addressed will include: laboratory math; quality control; pipeting; instruments and methods (both immunochemical and traditional) used in analysis of a variety of body fluids. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of the instructor. LAB
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Introductory principles of testing, methods of analysis, data interpretation, and clinical significance of routine clinical chemistry procedures and instrumentation. Prerequisite: CLS 523 or consent of instructor. LEC
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Pathogenesis and disease processes of pathogenic, opportunistic, and saprophytic bacteria; composition and preparation of media; sterilization and disinfection; antimicrobial agents; topics related to theory and applications of the foregoing. The relationships between fundamental and applied microbiology are stressed. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of the instructor. LEC
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A laboratory classroom experience and recitation that addresses the culture of clinically significant bacteria and diagnostic procedures. PREREQUISITE: CLS 532 or CLS 532 concurrently, or consent of the instructor. LAB
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Fundamentals of hematopoiesis; the physiology, function, and cytochemistry of normal and abnormal blood cells; the theory and performance of clinical laboratory methods related to these parameters. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of the instructor. LEC
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A laboratory classroom experience and recitation involving performance of fundamental hematology laboratory procedures with emphasis on basic hematologic techniques and the identification of normal and abnormal cells in the peripheral blood and bone marrow. Prerequisite: CLS 536, or CLS 536 concurrently, or consent of the instructor. LAB
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Intermediate principles of testing, methods of analysis, data interpretation, and clinical chemistry procedures and instrumentation with an emphasis on instrumentation theory, preventative maintenance, and trouble shooting. Prerequisite: CLS 530 and CLS 531 or consent of instructor. LEC
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A projects course including the following topic areas: testing methods and instrument evaluation; regulatory procedures; improvement processes; utilizing a medical chart to prepare a case study for presentation; critique of journal articles; educational methodologies; resume writing and interviewing skills. Prerequisite: CLS 520 - CLS 549 or consent of instructor. LEC
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Lectures on clinically significant fungi/yeasts and parasites; topics related to theory and applications of the foregoing. The relationships between fundamental and applied microbiology are stressed. Prerequisite: CLS 532 and CLS 533 or consent of the instructor. LEC
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Laboratory classroom experience and recitation that addresses the culture of clinically significant fungi/yeasts and related diagnostic procedures; morphology of clinical significant parasites and related diagnostic procedures. Prerequisite: CLS 532, CLS 533, cls 542, or CLS 542 concurrently or consent of the instructor. LAB
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Basic principles of immunohematology as applied to transfusion services, donor services, component preparation and storage, legal and regulatory issues and component utilization with emphasis on provision of blood safe for transfusion. Prerequisite: Admission to the CLS program and BIOL 503 (or equivalent) or consent of instructor. LEC
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A laboratory classroom experience and recitation that addresses basic techniques of blood banking including blood typing compatibility testing and antibody identification. Emphasis will be on problem solving for transfusion related situations as well as evaluation of special problems related to hemolytic disease of the newborn, autoimmune hemolytic disorders and transfusion reactions. Prerequisite: CLS 544, or CLS 544 concurrently, or consent of instructor. LAB
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Intermediate lectures on hematopoiesis, the physiology, function, and cytochemistry of normal and abnormal blood cells, normal and abnormal hemostasis, and the theory and performance of laboratory methods related to these parameters. Prerequisite: CLS 536 and CLS 537 or consent of instructor. LEC
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A laboratory classroom experience and recitation involving performance of intermediate hematology laboratory procedures with emphasis on basic hematologic and coagulation techniques and the identification of normal and abnormal cells in the peripheral blood and bone marrow. Prerequisite: CLS 536, CLS 537 and CLS 546 or CLS 546 concurrently, or consent of the instructor. LAB
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A laboratory classroom experience with recitation involving performance of basic immunoassays including emphasis on theory (application of immunologic principles related to laboratory testing), technique, quality control and safety. Prerequisite: CLS 523 and BIOL 503 or CLS 523 and BIOL 503 concurrently, or consent of instructor. LEC
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An introduction to molecular biology and molecular biological methodologies and technologies commonly used in basic, applied, and diagnostic laboratories. An emphasis is placed on molecular biology principles and techniques used in the clinical laboratory for diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of disease. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of the instructor. LEC
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An introduction to molecular diagnostic methodologies and technologies commonly used in clinical laboratories. Principles and performance of nucleic acid isolation, restriction enzyme digestion, electrophoresis, amplification, hybridization, and analysis. Applications in infectious and genetic disease. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Science program or Cytotechnology program or consent of the instructor. LEC
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A lecture course covering the theory behind a variety of current molecular, biochemical and immunologic techniques utilized in today's research and diagnostic laboratories. Material presented will include proper specimen preparation and handling; technique set-up and quality control; trouble shooting and technique modification. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LEC
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Student Laboratory course with practical application of selected molecular, biochemical, and immunologic techniques. Designed to provide limited experience with advanced chromatographic techniques (DEAE-cellulose, affinity columns, HPLC, and gas); multiple electrophoresis techniques (starch-gel, SDS-page, Southern blot); nucleic acid analysis and manipulation; ligand production and utilization; cell culture, including appropriate sterilization methods, aseptic handling, and steps to ensure attachment. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Introduction to analysis of journal articles. Initial sessions will place an emphasis upon reading the article with an eye to replicating a described method or specific technique; analyzing data presented for validity; acceptance or rejection of the researchers' conclusions. Follow-up sessions will involve analyzing and presenting selected articles. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LEC
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A lecture course covering the structure of the atom, isotopes, and radioactivity. Emphasis will be on radiation protection and safe handling of isotopes. In addition, the student will be introduced to methods for detection and quantitation of radioactivity in biological materials. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LEC
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Placement of the student in a biotechnology core facility supporting molecular biological research from multiple laboratories. Such a core facility would provide, but not to be restricted to, the following methodologies: amino acid analysis; protein/peptide sequencing; peptide synthesis; DNA/RNA sequencing; oligonucleotide synthesis. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Web based course that provides the student with a targeted review of molecular and cytogenetics techniques, current theory, techniques and applications concerning protein structure and function, current theory, techniques and applications of molecular immunology. Review in each topic is augmented with situation simulations in research and diagnostic applications of the appropriate techniques. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of the instructor. LEC
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Placement of the student in a molecular genetics research laboratory (utilizing either prokaryotic or eucaryotic organisms or both) working with laboratory staff on an on-going small project within the laboratory. Molecular genetics laboratories utilized could be involved in, but not restricted to, any of the following activities: gene sequencing, cloning or splicing: elucidation of the mechanisms that regulate gene expression; proto-oncogene activation. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Placement of the student in a cytogenetics laboratory. Cytogenetics laboratories utilized would be involved in, but not restricted to, performing cell culture and harvest at metaphase; staining for band identification; FISH. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences programs or consent of instructor. LAB
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Placement of the student in a protein chemistry laboratory (utilizing either prokaryotic or eucaryotic organisms or both). Laboratories utilized could be involved in, but not restricted to, protein production on a large scale; protein isolation and purification; amino acid sequencing; elucidation of three-dimensional structure; determination of the function(s) of the protein studied. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Placement of the student in a molecular biology or molecular immunology research laboratory that focuses on cell-to-cell signaling. Laboratories utilized could be involved in, but not restricted to, cytokine/chemokine production and isolation; biochemical characterization of the molecule; elucidation of function. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Placement of the student in an immunochemistry or cell mediated immunology research laboratory. Laboratories utilized could be involved in, but not restricted to, cytokine/chemokine production and isolation; biochemical characterization of an immune mediator; elucidating the functions(s) of an immune mediator; cell-to-cell communication in regulation of immune function; cellular interactions; HLA phenotypes and risk rate for immune function disease; antigen characterization and vaccine development. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Placement of the student in any of a variety of research laboratories actively participating in molecular biological projects utilizing advanced genetic, biochemical immunologic, or other molecular techniques. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Advanced clinical chemistry lectures on correlation of laboratory analysis with pathophysiology addressing organ system disease, metabolic disease, nutrition, and special topics in clinical chemistry. Prerequisite: CLS 530, CLS 531, CLS 540, or consent of instructor. LEC
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A tutorial instruction and clinical laboratory experience in chemistry of body fluid substances based on the application of knowledge and skill to methodology, instrumentation, quality control, and correlation of chemical analysis to pathophysiology. Prerequisite: CLS 640 or CLS 640 concurrently, or consent of instructor. LAB
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Lectures on viruses, rickettsia, chlamydia, mycoplasma, and other unusual organisms, signs and detection of infection, antibiotics including classes, structure, function and assay. Prerequisite: CLS 532, CLS 533, CLS 542 and CLS 543, or consent of instructor. LEC
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A tutorial instruction and clinical laboratory experience in diagnostic microbiology. Prerequisite: CLS 642 or CLS 642 concurrently, or consent of instructor. LAB
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