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Principal Course Distribution Requirement

Principal courses offer introductions to the breadth of disciplines in the College. They acquaint students with the subject matter in an area, with the types of questions that are asked about that subject matter, with the knowledge that has been developed and is now basic to the area, and with the methods and standards by which claims to truth are judged.

Students must complete courses in topical groups in three major divisions (humanities, natural sciences and mathematics, and social sciences). For the B.A., three courses are required from each division, with no more than one course from any topical group. The B.G.S. requires two courses from each division, with no more than one from any topical group. To fulfill the requirement, a course must be designated as a principal course according to the codes listed below.

These are the major divisions, their topical subgroups, and the codes that identify them:

Humanities

  • HT: Historical studies
  • HL: Literature and the arts
  • HR: Philosophy and religion

Natural Sciences and Mathematics

  • NB: Biological sciences
  • NE: Earth sciences
  • NM: Mathematical sciences
  • NP: Physical science

Social Sciences

  • SC: Culture and society
  • SI: Individual behavior
  • SF: Public affairs

No course may fulfill both a principal course distribution requirement and a non-Western culture or second-level mathematics course requirement. Laboratory science courses designated as principal courses may fulfill both the laboratory science requirement and one of the distribution requirements. No free-standing laboratory course may by itself fulfill either the laboratory science requirement or a principal course requirement. Students should begin taking principal courses early in their academic careers. An honors equivalent of a principal course may fulfill a principal course requirement.

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Non-Western Culture Requirement

A non-Western culture course acquaints students with the culture, society, and values of a non-Western people, for example, from Asia, the Pacific Islands, the Middle East, or Africa. Students must complete one approved non-Western culture course.

One approved non-Western culture course is required. Occasionally courses with varying topics fulfill the non-Western culture course requirement. See the Schedule of Classes for details. These courses are coded NW.

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Transfer and Earned Credit Course Codes

These codes are used to evaluate transfer credit and to determine which academic requirements a course meets.

  • H: Humanities
  • N: Natural Sciences and Mathematics
  • S: Social Sciences
  • W: World Civilization and Culture
  • U: Undesignated Elective Credit (course does not satisfy distribution requirement)

All Liberal Arts & Sciences courses

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Literary masterpieces of the early European Middle Ages will be studied in English translation, especially legendary, heroic, and epic works written in Celtic and Anglo-Saxon, Norse and German, French and Spanish. Topics in Latin culture will include poetry and liturgy, Augustine and Boethius, the Dark Ages and the Carolingian Renaissance. Not open to native speakers of German. LEC
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Literary masterpieces of the later European Middle Ages will be studied in English translation, especially the poetry of courtly love and the Arthurian romances written in French, German, and English. Dante, Boccaccio, and Chaucer will also be included, as will examples typical of Latin religious and secular literature and of vernacular prose genres, e.g. chronicles, travel accounts, and biographies. Not open to native speakers of German. LEC
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Extensive practice in business communication: terminology, texts and correspondence, oral practice in business situations. Not open to native speakers of German. Prerequisite: GERM 216 or equivalent. LEC
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Exercises in the translation of a variety of texts from contemporary journalism, cultural affairs, and the social sciences. Translation of expository writing introduces the student to special semantics and syntactic contrast between English and German. Not open to native speakers of German. Prerequisite: GERM 216 or equivalent. LEC
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Readings from current German newspapers and periodicals introduce the student to journalistic style and special terminology in such fields as cultural affairs, business, and politics. Exercises in written German pertaining to these and other fields will be assigned. Not open to native speakers of German. Prerequisite: GERM 216 or equivalent. LEC
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For students enrolled in the KU Summer Language Institute in Germany. Selected works of major German Language writers of the 19th and 20th centuries. Not open to native speakers of German. Prerequisite: One course from GERM 340, GERM 344, or GERM 348. LEC
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An introduction to German literature from 1890 to the present. Emphasis on development of interpretive skills, as well as an understanding of literary movements, genres, and concepts of this period. Not open to native speakers of German. Prerequisite: One course from GERM 340, GERM 344, or GERM 348. LEC
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An introduction to German literature from 1750-1890. Emphasis on development of interpretive skills, as well as an understanding of literary movements, genres, and concepts of this period. Not open to native speakers of German. Prerequisite: One course from GERM 340, GERM 344, or GERM 348. LEC
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Lectures, assigned readings, and discussions in English. Emphasis on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with some consideration of parallel literary phenomena in France, England, and the United States. Not open to native speakers of German. LEC
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Background readings, lectures, and discussions in English about major German films in their historical and cultural contexts. About fifteen full-length films from the period 1913 to the present will be viewed and analyzed. The course will raise questions about the film's sources, ideology, techniques, and artistic achievements. Does not fulfill any requirement in the German major or minor. Students taking GERM 424 will be expected to work at a higher level. LEC
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Background readings, lectures, and discussions in English about major German films in their historical and cultural contexts. About 15 full-length films from 1913 to the present will be viewed and analyzed. The course will raise questions about the film's sources, ideology, techniques, and artistic achievements. Fulfills elective requirements in the German major or minor. Portions of the assignments will be in German. Not open to native speakers of German. Prerequisite: One 300-level German course or permission of instructor. LEC
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The goal of this course is to maintain and further develop practical conversational skills of students who already have a basic knowledge of German. Discussion will range among topics from everyday German life and current affairs, with German newspapers and magazines providing the orientation. May be repeated. May only be counted once toward the minimum 30 hours in the major. Not open to native speakers of German. Prerequisite: GERM 216 or equivalent. LEC
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Independent study and directed reading on special topics. Permission of the instructor who will supervise the student's work is required. Not open to native speakers of German. IND
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Introduction to German business practices, including basic information about German economic and corporate life. Especially designed for students intending to participate in an internship with a German company and those who wish to enhance their knowledge of basic business German. Taught in German. Not open to native speakers of German. Prerequisite: One 300-level German course. LEC
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The appreciation and understanding of selected masterpieces of German poetry, with attention to the basic poetic forms, techniques, and phonological features. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416 and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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Readings and discussions in German of selected literary works of the classical period. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416 and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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Readings and discussions in German of selected literary works of the nineteenth century. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416 and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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Readings and discussions in German of selected literary works of the twentieth century. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416 and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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A study of the development of German culture with emphasis on life, customs, geography, art, music, and literature, from its beginnings to 1810. Readings and discussions in German and English. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416 and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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A study of the development of German culture with emphasis on life, customs, geography, art, music, and literature, from 1810 to the present. Readings and discussions in German and English. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416 and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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A study of the development and distribution of the Germanic languages, with emphasis on the modern linguistic features of the major members of the language family. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416 and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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Readings and discussions in German of selected literary works of the medieval and early modern periods. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416 and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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Readings and discussions in German of selected literary works by a major author (e.g., Goethe, Heine, Fontane, Brecht, Kafka, Grass, etc.). May be repeated. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416 and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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Readings and discussions in German of selected literary works on a particular topic or theme (e.g., nature, women, art and literature, etc.). May be repeated. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416, and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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Readings and discussions in German in an area of specialized language or linguistic study (e.g., lexical fields, modern German dialects, etc.). May be repeated. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416, and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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Readings and discussions in German on some aspect of German culture or folklore, including Landeskunde (study of contemporary Germany). May be repeated. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416, and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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Practical exercises in the systematic study of idioms and synonyms, designed to foster a more discriminating and effective usage of German. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416 and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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Exercises in the translation of expository and stylistically sophisticated texts from various fields. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416 and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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Recommended for students intending to teach German. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416 and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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Training in writing reports and seminar papers in German. Recommended for students intending to do graduate work in German. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416 and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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Independent study and directed reading on special topics. Permission of the instructor who will supervise the student is required. Prerequisite: Two literature courses from GERM 400, GERM 408, and GERM 416 and two composition courses from GERM 340, GERM 344, and GERM 348, or equivalent. LEC
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A summer course designed principally for secondary school language teachers. Provides an orientation to proficiency-based models in foreign language instruction, national standards in the rating of foreign language proficiency, and curriculum development sessions which address issues of articulation in foreign language curricula. (Not applicable toward a major or graduate degree in German.) (Same as FREN 681 and SPAN 681.) LEC
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Introduction to methods of literary research and presentation of seminar papers. Exercises in the use of basic guides to the study of German language and literature, in the documentation of scholarly research, and in the writing of interpretive essays, based on reading and discussion of selected works from different periods of the departmental "Basic Reading List." LEC
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Differentiation of critical methods. Exercises in textual criticism. LEC
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Stylistic analysis of literary texts; writing in German. LEC
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A systematic study of German phonetics. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor. LEC
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Discussion of policies in the M.A. program, examinations, thesis proposals, writing of theses, grant proposals, conference presentations, publications of scholarship, and entrance into the academic job market. Required of all M.A. students in the first year in the program. Does not count toward completion of 30 hours of course work for the M.A. RSH
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A comprehensive introduction to the basic concepts of German philology and various aspects of historical linguistics, including the nature of language and linguistic change, discoveries of the pioneer philologists of the 19th century regarding the prehistory of German, and the beginnings of a national German language. LEC
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A descriptive study of the phonetics/phonology and grammar of contemporary standard German. Special emphasis on problems of teaching German to English-speaking students. LEC
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Intensive study of a selected topic in German literature. May be repeated. Offered only in conjunction with GERM 616 when taught by a Max Kade Distinguished Visiting Professor. Graduate students will be assigned additional work. LEC
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Intensive study of a selected topic in German language and linguistics. May be repeated for credit. LEC
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The elements of Middle High German as required for reading medieval texts in the original. Intensive reading and literary study of at least one text in full. LEC
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Reading and discussion of major literary works of the period; combined with lectures and background readings on literary, cultural, and political history. LEC
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Reading and discussion of major literary works in the period; combined with lectures and background readings on literary, cultural, and political history. LEC
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Reading and discussion of major literary works in the period; combined with lectures and background readings on literary, cultural, and political history. LEC
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Reading and discussion of major literary works in the period; combined with lectures and background readings on literary, cultural, and political history. LEC
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Intensive study of a selected topic in German culture. May be repeated. LEC
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To be taken only in exceptional cases. Permission of the instructor who will supervise the student's work is required. RSH
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Introduction to selected aspects of second-language acquisition, foreign-language pedagogy, and contrastive grammar, with the major concentration on practical guidance in teaching elementary German, in test preparation and grading, and in the use of equipment. LEC
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Discussion of matters relating to the teaching of German in specific courses. Required of all GTAs in each semester of teaching, unless enrolled in GERM 800. Does not count toward completion of 30 hours of course work for the M.A. or 27 hours of course work for the Ph.D. IND
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Text-oriented study of the literature of 750-1500 with selected readings in the original and in translation. Prerequisite: GERM 721. LEC
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Reading and literary analysis of one of the following: Nibelungenlied, Erec and Iwein, Tristan, Parzival. Prerequisite: GERM 721. LEC
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Reading and literary analysis of one of the following: Minnesangs Fruehling, Walther von der Vogelweide. Prerequisite: GERM 721. LEC
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Topics to be announced. Emphasis on studies in etymology, semantics, vocabulary, medieval dialects, linguistic theories. Prerequisite: GERM 711. LEC
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Prerequisite: GERM 701. LEC
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In-depth study of the work of a major author in German literature. Prerequisite: GERM 701. LEC
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Introduction to theories and topics in German applied linguistics. SEM
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Introduction to modern German dialects, methods of dialect research and aspects of linguistic assimilation and loss as well as a survey of German-American dialects. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor required. SEM
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May not be repeated. THE
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Discussion of policies in the Ph.D. program, research specializations, examinations, dissertation proposals, writing of dissertations, grant proposals, conference presentations, publication of scholarship, and entrance into the academic job market. Required of all Ph.D. students in the first year in the program. Does not count toward completion of 27 hours of course work for the Ph.D. LEC
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Reading of selected Gothic texts. Historical and descriptive study of Gothic phonology and grammar, with an introduction to comparative Germanic grammar. Prerequisite: GERM 711. LEC
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Introduction to the elements of its grammar and discussion of its role in the Germanic family of languages. Selected readings from the Heliand and discussion of the entire work. Prerequisite: GERM 711. LEC
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Reading and discussion of selected prose texts and poetic documents; phonological and grammatical features of the Old High German dialects. Prerequisite: GERM 711. LEC
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A survey of the earliest Germanic languages with an emphasis on the comparative phonology and grammar of Gothic, Old High German, and Old Saxon as well as the reading of selections of major texts in those three language. LEC
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To be taken only in exceptional cases. Permission of the instructor who will supervise the student's work is required. RSH
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An interdisciplinary study of international topics. Designed especially for freshmen and sophomores. May be repeated for credit if content varies. LEC
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An interdisciplinary study of international topics. Designed especially for juniors and seniors. May be repeated for credit if content varies. LEC
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A seminar designed to introduce students to the theory and practice of global and international studies. A research paper will be required. May not be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: 12 hours of junior/senior level and above courses that satisfy requirements for the major. LEC
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A seminar designed to introduce honors students to the theory and practice of global and international studies. A research paper will be required. May not be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: 12 hours of junior/senior level and above courses that satisfy requirements for the major. LEC
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This course examines approaches to the study of culture, politics, and society as applied in international studies research. Substantive and disciplinary content vary by instructor, but typically include such topics as economic development, ethnicity, religion, democratization, peace and conflict issues, and cultural studies. The study of these topics is accompanied by discussions of the principles of theory development, proper research design, choosing a research topic, construction of literature reviews, and the use of library resources in international studies research. LEC
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A central issue in international studies is globalization, the increasing interconnectedness of societies and economies. This course examines globalization from an historical and contemporary perspective. Major topics include (but are not necessarily limited to) the historical expansion of the West since 1500, the growth of international economic institutions, conflict among global cultures, the future of state sovereignty, and the challenges of economic integration. LEC
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An introduction to international trade and finance, theories of economic development, and international economic structures. Not appropriate for economics majors. LEC
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Examination of the components of culture, economic and political anthropology, major global cultural areas, and the impact of cultural differences as expressed through language, literature, religion, thought, and motivation in cross-cultural communications. LEC
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A study of the increasing interaction among world societies since 1500 and an investigation of the long-term developments behind current world problems. Major topics include Western expansion since 1500, the spread of state sovereignty, the formation of a world economy, and the spread of international institutions. Current issues will vary, but may include environmental crises, human rights, migration, free trade and the spread of consumer culture, ethnicity and nationalism, and international intervention within states. (Same as HIST 705.) LEC
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Survey of different governmental structures in the contemporary world and the ways these countries have confronted issues such as modernization and development, economic security, ethnic pluralism and conflict, and globalization. LEC
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A study of one or more selected topics in international studies. Course may be taken more than once. LEC
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Individual and supervised readings in a selected area of international studies. Course is repeatable with permission of the program director. LEC
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This course will review and analyze the current literature on China's social and political development, including a wide range of topics within political science. There is a rich body of literature within each topic such as civil society in China, legal reform, political culture, nationalism, gender issues, ethnicity, political behavior, elections, economic development, and inequality. This course will introduce key literature within each topic focusing on the debates among China scholars as well as how these debates fit in the general field of political science. (Same as EALC 888 and POLS 888.) Prerequisite: POLS 668 or permission of the instructor. LEC
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Independent study in preparation for the Comprehensive M.A. examination. Graded on satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. May be repeated. LEC
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Enrollment for writing thesis for master's degree. THE
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The essentials of ancient Greek grammar, with readings. LEC
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The essentials of ancient Greek grammar, with readings. Prerequisite: Membership in the University Honors Program or permission of instructor. LEC
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