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Principal Course Distribution Requirement

Principal courses offer introductions to the breadth of disciplines in the College. They acquaint students with the subject matter in an area, with the types of questions that are asked about that subject matter, with the knowledge that has been developed and is now basic to the area, and with the methods and standards by which claims to truth are judged.

Students must complete courses in topical groups in three major divisions (humanities, natural sciences and mathematics, and social sciences). For the B.A., three courses are required from each division, with no more than one course from any topical group. The B.G.S. requires two courses from each division, with no more than one from any topical group. To fulfill the requirement, a course must be designated as a principal course according to the codes listed below.

These are the major divisions, their topical subgroups, and the codes that identify them:

Humanities

  • HT: Historical studies
  • HL: Literature and the arts
  • HR: Philosophy and religion

Natural Sciences and Mathematics

  • NB: Biological sciences
  • NE: Earth sciences
  • NM: Mathematical sciences
  • NP: Physical science

Social Sciences

  • SC: Culture and society
  • SI: Individual behavior
  • SF: Public affairs

No course may fulfill both a principal course distribution requirement and a non-Western culture or second-level mathematics course requirement. Laboratory science courses designated as principal courses may fulfill both the laboratory science requirement and one of the distribution requirements. No free-standing laboratory course may by itself fulfill either the laboratory science requirement or a principal course requirement. Students should begin taking principal courses early in their academic careers. An honors equivalent of a principal course may fulfill a principal course requirement.

View all approved principal course distribution courses »

Non-Western Culture Requirement

A non-Western culture course acquaints students with the culture, society, and values of a non-Western people, for example, from Asia, the Pacific Islands, the Middle East, or Africa. Students must complete one approved non-Western culture course.

One approved non-Western culture course is required. Occasionally courses with varying topics fulfill the non-Western culture course requirement. See the Schedule of Classes for details. These courses are coded NW.

View all approved non-Western culture courses »

Transfer and Earned Credit Course Codes

These codes are used to evaluate transfer credit and to determine which academic requirements a course meets.

  • H: Humanities
  • N: Natural Sciences and Mathematics
  • S: Social Sciences
  • W: World Civilization and Culture
  • U: Undesignated Elective Credit (course does not satisfy distribution requirement)

All Clinical Laboratory Sciences courses

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An introductory overview of the professions of Clinical Laboratory Sciences and Cytotechnology including types of analyses performed, specialties, interrelationships in the health care system and a visit to a clinical laboratory. This course will enable those considering a major in the Clinical Laboratory Sciences to have a clear definition of the professions. (Same as BIOL 210.) LEC
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Principles and practice of collecting blood specimens for clinical laboratory analyses. Includes specimen identification, equipment, anticoagulants, safety precautions, specimen transport, and processing. Hepatitis immunization required. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Science Program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Student laboratory class room experience with recitation addressing introductory clinical chemistry and basic antigen-antibody based techniques useful in the clinical chemistry laboratory (immunochemical methods). Laboratory skills addressed will include: laboratory math; quality control; pipeting; instruments and methods (both immunochemical and traditional) used in analysis of a variety of body fluids. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of the instructor. LAB
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Introductory principles of testing, methods of analysis, data interpretation, and clinical significance of routine clinical chemistry procedures and instrumentation. Prerequisite: CLS 523 or consent of instructor. LEC
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Pathogenesis and disease processes of pathogenic, opportunistic, and saprophytic bacteria; composition and preparation of media; sterilization and disinfection; antimicrobial agents; topics related to theory and applications of the foregoing. The relationships between fundamental and applied microbiology are stressed. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of the instructor. LEC
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A laboratory classroom experience and recitation that addresses the culture of clinically significant bacteria and diagnostic procedures. PREREQUISITE: CLS 532 or CLS 532 concurrently, or consent of the instructor. LAB
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Fundamentals of hematopoiesis; the physiology, function, and cytochemistry of normal and abnormal blood cells; the theory and performance of clinical laboratory methods related to these parameters. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of the instructor. LEC
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A laboratory classroom experience and recitation involving performance of fundamental hematology laboratory procedures with emphasis on basic hematologic techniques and the identification of normal and abnormal cells in the peripheral blood and bone marrow. Prerequisite: CLS 536, or CLS 536 concurrently, or consent of the instructor. LAB
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Intermediate principles of testing, methods of analysis, data interpretation, and clinical chemistry procedures and instrumentation with an emphasis on instrumentation theory, preventative maintenance, and trouble shooting. Prerequisite: CLS 530 and CLS 531 or consent of instructor. LEC
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A projects course including the following topic areas: testing methods and instrument evaluation; regulatory procedures; improvement processes; utilizing a medical chart to prepare a case study for presentation; critique of journal articles; educational methodologies; resume writing and interviewing skills. Prerequisite: CLS 520 - CLS 549 or consent of instructor. LEC
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Lectures on clinically significant fungi/yeasts and parasites; topics related to theory and applications of the foregoing. The relationships between fundamental and applied microbiology are stressed. Prerequisite: CLS 532 and CLS 533 or consent of the instructor. LEC
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Laboratory classroom experience and recitation that addresses the culture of clinically significant fungi/yeasts and related diagnostic procedures; morphology of clinical significant parasites and related diagnostic procedures. Prerequisite: CLS 532, CLS 533, cls 542, or CLS 542 concurrently or consent of the instructor. LAB
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Basic principles of immunohematology as applied to transfusion services, donor services, component preparation and storage, legal and regulatory issues and component utilization with emphasis on provision of blood safe for transfusion. Prerequisite: Admission to the CLS program and BIOL 503 (or equivalent) or consent of instructor. LEC
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A laboratory classroom experience and recitation that addresses basic techniques of blood banking including blood typing compatibility testing and antibody identification. Emphasis will be on problem solving for transfusion related situations as well as evaluation of special problems related to hemolytic disease of the newborn, autoimmune hemolytic disorders and transfusion reactions. Prerequisite: CLS 544, or CLS 544 concurrently, or consent of instructor. LAB
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Intermediate lectures on hematopoiesis, the physiology, function, and cytochemistry of normal and abnormal blood cells, normal and abnormal hemostasis, and the theory and performance of laboratory methods related to these parameters. Prerequisite: CLS 536 and CLS 537 or consent of instructor. LEC
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A laboratory classroom experience and recitation involving performance of intermediate hematology laboratory procedures with emphasis on basic hematologic and coagulation techniques and the identification of normal and abnormal cells in the peripheral blood and bone marrow. Prerequisite: CLS 536, CLS 537 and CLS 546 or CLS 546 concurrently, or consent of the instructor. LAB
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A laboratory classroom experience with recitation involving performance of basic immunoassays including emphasis on theory (application of immunologic principles related to laboratory testing), technique, quality control and safety. Prerequisite: CLS 523 and BIOL 503 or CLS 523 and BIOL 503 concurrently, or consent of instructor. LEC
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An introduction to molecular biology and molecular biological methodologies and technologies commonly used in basic, applied, and diagnostic laboratories. An emphasis is placed on molecular biology principles and techniques used in the clinical laboratory for diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of disease. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of the instructor. LEC
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An introduction to molecular diagnostic methodologies and technologies commonly used in clinical laboratories. Principles and performance of nucleic acid isolation, restriction enzyme digestion, electrophoresis, amplification, hybridization, and analysis. Applications in infectious and genetic disease. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Science program or Cytotechnology program or consent of the instructor. LEC
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A lecture course covering the theory behind a variety of current molecular, biochemical and immunologic techniques utilized in today's research and diagnostic laboratories. Material presented will include proper specimen preparation and handling; technique set-up and quality control; trouble shooting and technique modification. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LEC
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Student Laboratory course with practical application of selected molecular, biochemical, and immunologic techniques. Designed to provide limited experience with advanced chromatographic techniques (DEAE-cellulose, affinity columns, HPLC, and gas); multiple electrophoresis techniques (starch-gel, SDS-page, Southern blot); nucleic acid analysis and manipulation; ligand production and utilization; cell culture, including appropriate sterilization methods, aseptic handling, and steps to ensure attachment. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Introduction to analysis of journal articles. Initial sessions will place an emphasis upon reading the article with an eye to replicating a described method or specific technique; analyzing data presented for validity; acceptance or rejection of the researchers' conclusions. Follow-up sessions will involve analyzing and presenting selected articles. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LEC
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A lecture course covering the structure of the atom, isotopes, and radioactivity. Emphasis will be on radiation protection and safe handling of isotopes. In addition, the student will be introduced to methods for detection and quantitation of radioactivity in biological materials. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LEC
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Placement of the student in a biotechnology core facility supporting molecular biological research from multiple laboratories. Such a core facility would provide, but not to be restricted to, the following methodologies: amino acid analysis; protein/peptide sequencing; peptide synthesis; DNA/RNA sequencing; oligonucleotide synthesis. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Web based course that provides the student with a targeted review of molecular and cytogenetics techniques, current theory, techniques and applications concerning protein structure and function, current theory, techniques and applications of molecular immunology. Review in each topic is augmented with situation simulations in research and diagnostic applications of the appropriate techniques. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of the instructor. LEC
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Placement of the student in a molecular genetics research laboratory (utilizing either prokaryotic or eucaryotic organisms or both) working with laboratory staff on an on-going small project within the laboratory. Molecular genetics laboratories utilized could be involved in, but not restricted to, any of the following activities: gene sequencing, cloning or splicing: elucidation of the mechanisms that regulate gene expression; proto-oncogene activation. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Placement of the student in a cytogenetics laboratory. Cytogenetics laboratories utilized would be involved in, but not restricted to, performing cell culture and harvest at metaphase; staining for band identification; FISH. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences programs or consent of instructor. LAB
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Placement of the student in a protein chemistry laboratory (utilizing either prokaryotic or eucaryotic organisms or both). Laboratories utilized could be involved in, but not restricted to, protein production on a large scale; protein isolation and purification; amino acid sequencing; elucidation of three-dimensional structure; determination of the function(s) of the protein studied. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Placement of the student in a molecular biology or molecular immunology research laboratory that focuses on cell-to-cell signaling. Laboratories utilized could be involved in, but not restricted to, cytokine/chemokine production and isolation; biochemical characterization of the molecule; elucidation of function. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Placement of the student in an immunochemistry or cell mediated immunology research laboratory. Laboratories utilized could be involved in, but not restricted to, cytokine/chemokine production and isolation; biochemical characterization of an immune mediator; elucidating the functions(s) of an immune mediator; cell-to-cell communication in regulation of immune function; cellular interactions; HLA phenotypes and risk rate for immune function disease; antigen characterization and vaccine development. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Placement of the student in any of a variety of research laboratories actively participating in molecular biological projects utilizing advanced genetic, biochemical immunologic, or other molecular techniques. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LAB
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Advanced clinical chemistry lectures on correlation of laboratory analysis with pathophysiology addressing organ system disease, metabolic disease, nutrition, and special topics in clinical chemistry. Prerequisite: CLS 530, CLS 531, CLS 540, or consent of instructor. LEC
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A tutorial instruction and clinical laboratory experience in chemistry of body fluid substances based on the application of knowledge and skill to methodology, instrumentation, quality control, and correlation of chemical analysis to pathophysiology. Prerequisite: CLS 640 or CLS 640 concurrently, or consent of instructor. LAB
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Lectures on viruses, rickettsia, chlamydia, mycoplasma, and other unusual organisms, signs and detection of infection, antibiotics including classes, structure, function and assay. Prerequisite: CLS 532, CLS 533, CLS 542 and CLS 543, or consent of instructor. LEC
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A tutorial instruction and clinical laboratory experience in diagnostic microbiology. Prerequisite: CLS 642 or CLS 642 concurrently, or consent of instructor. LAB
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Advanced blood banking and theory focused on the problems encountered in the hospital transfusion service and a donor drawing center. Prerequisite: CLS 544 and CLS 545, or consent of instructor. LEC
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Individual participation in a hospital immunohematology laboratory. Students gain practical experience in the use of procedures and equipment by working with the staff. Performance of standard laboratory procedures will be done under supervision. Prerequisite: CLS 544, CLS 545, and CLS 644, or CLS 644 concurrently, or consent of instructor. LAB
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Advanced lectures on hematologic and hemorrhagic disorders with emphasis on pathological mechanisms, interpretation, and clinical correlation of test results. Prerequisite: CLS 536, CLS 537, CLS 546, and CLS 547, or consent of instructor. LEC
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A tutorial laboratory experience conducted in the clinical setting and designed to provide expertise in current methodology, instrumentation, and automation of basic and advanced hematology and coagulation procedures. Prerequisite: CLS 546, CLS 547, and CLS 646, or CLS 646 concurrently, or consent of instructor. LAB
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Lectures on immune system involvement in disease processes and correlation of immunologic laboratory test data to disease conditions. Prerequisite: CLS 549, or consent of instructor. LEC
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Practice of basic immunoassay procedures and introduction to immunonephelometry as well as direct and indirect fluorescent antibody technique. Prerequisite: CLS 648 or CLS 648 concurrently, or consent of instructor. LAB
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This review will enable students to identify areas of weakness in their understanding of clinical laboratory science. Students will participate in question-answer sessions and panel discussions in order to evaluate their performance in meeting required competencies. Prerequisite: CLS 520-CLS 549 inclusive, CLS 605, CLS 661, and CLS 640-CLS 649 inclusive, or consent of instructor. LEC
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Situation and problem solving oriented web based course that reviews material taught. This course will enable students to identify areas of weakness in their understanding of molecular biotechniques and their applications. Interactive question-answer format and a comprehensive, certification-type exam will aid students in evaluating their performance in meeting required competencies. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of instructor. LEC
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Introduction to basic principles of management, education, and research and their application in the current health care environment. Course content includes: management theory, scope of management, quality issues, budgeting, personnel issues, evaluation and application of management concepts; introductory research methods and evaluation of journal articles. Cross listed with HEIM 661 and RESP 661. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Sciences program or consent of the instructor. LEC
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Educational concepts including principles of learning, curriculum design, evaluation, teaching methodologies, audiovisual and library resources, accreditation, student services, and legal considerations. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Science program or consent of instructor. LEC
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A course of study offering the student the opportunity for acquisition of additional knowledge and skills in one of the clinical laboratory routine areas or a specialty area, e.g., cytogenetics, metabolic analysis, or supervision; or at another clinical site. Course requirements designed in cooperation with student. Prerequisite: Admission to the Clinical Laboratory Science program or consent of instructor. LEC
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Review of integrative human physiology with an emphasis upon homeostatic mechanisms and etiologies of disease. The interrelationships of function and dysfunction at the molecular, cellular and tissue level (pathology), organ and systematic level (impairment), and to the total human body (functional limitations )will be applied in each of the body systems. Discussions and applied materials will be tailored to the professional student population. Prerequisite: Admission to the Dietetics and Nutrition program or permission of the instructor(s). LEC
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A lecture course covering the theory underlying molecular techniques involving nucleic acids. Topics include purification and analysis of nucleic acids, recombinant DNA, construction and screening of genetic libraries, genetic engineering, control of gene expression, construction of gene fusions, amplification, hybridization, and nucleic acid databases and their analysis. This course is meant for graduate students in the Molecular Biotechnology program. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. LEC
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A laboratory course that introduces students to the application and practice of molecular techniques involving nucleic acids. Topics include purification and analysis of nucleic acids, recombinant DNA, genetic engineering, control of gene expression, construction of gene fusions, amplification, and hybridization. Topics are covered through a project-based approach. This course is meant for graduate students in the Molecular Biotechnology program. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. LAB
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A lecture course covering the theory underlying molecular techniques involving proteins. Topics include fractionation of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, protein extraction and quantification, native and denaturing electrophoresis, protein purification and solubilization, analysis of protein-protein interactions, construction of fusions, site directed mutagenesis, control of protein expression, and proteomics. This course is meant for graduate students in the Molecular Biotechnology program. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. LEC
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A laboratory course that introduces students to the application and practice of molecular techniques involving proteins. Topics include fractionation of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, protein extraction and quantification, native and denaturing electrophoresis, protein purification and solubilization, analysis of fusions, and control of protein expression. Topics are covered through a project-based approach. The course is meant for graduate students in the Molecular Biotechnology program. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. LAB
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A seminar course that address topics including scientific, business, legal, social, and ethical issues in biotechnology. Students explore these topics through literature discussions, student presentations, and discussions with speakers from biotechnology-related academic and industry sectors. This course is meant for graduate students in the Molecular Biotechnology program. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. SEM
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This course is an introduction to the critical reading of journal articles from the current literature in molecular biotechnology. Discussions will emphasize the analysis of experimental design and technique, as well as the significance of the results and validity of the author's conclusions. Students will learn how to search for articles and background information pertaining to selected topics, an how to present a polished, professional summary of that literature. Assigned papers for discussion and student presentations will focus on new strategies and technologies in molecular biotechnology of wide fundamental importance, or on hypothesis-based research that uses molecular biotechnological approaches. Prerequisite: Completion of (or concurrent enrollment in ) CLS 710 and CLS 720. LEC
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Formats, techniques, and styles of scientific writing. Emphasis will be placed on clear, concise, and effective writing. The class will focus on the process of writing scientific manuscripts and grant proposals. Students will identify and define the sections of scientific manuscripts as well as grant proposals. During the course, each student will write an R21-type (NIH Exploratory/Developmental Research Grant) proposals as could be submitted to the most appropriate NIH Institute. This course is intended for students enrolled in their final semester of the Master of Science in Molecular Biotechnology program. Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor LEC
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Advanced course on special topics in molecular biotechnology, offered by arrangement. May include lectures, discussions,readings, laboratory techniques, and supervised research experience. This course is intended for graduate students in the Molecular Biotechnology program. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. LEC
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Advanced practical experience in a selected laboratory focused on nucleic acid-based diagnostic methodologies and technologies. Students apply and extend their knowledge and skills by performing a research and/or development project under the supervision of a site mentor. This practicum is performed at a site other than those utilized for CLS 751 (Practicum II) and CLS 752 (Practicum III). Prerequisite: Completion of CLS 710, CLS 711, CLS 720, and CLS 721. PRA
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Advanced practical experience in a selected laboratory actively pursuing applied or basic research questions utilizing genetic, biochemical, or other molecular biology-related approaches. Students apply and extend their knowledge and skills by performing a research and/or development project under the supervision of a site mentor. This practicum is performed at a site other than those utilized for CLS 750 (Practicum I) and CLS (Practicum III). Prerequisite: Completion of CLS 710, CLS 711, CLS 720, and CLS 721. PRA
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Advanced practical experience in a selected laboratory actively pursuing applied or basic research questions utilizing genetic, biochemical, or other molecular biology-related approaches. Students apply and extend their knowledge and skills by performing a research and/or development project under the supervision of a site mentor. This practicum is performed at a site other than those utilized for CLS 750 (Practicum I) and CLS 751 (Practicum II). Prerequisite: Completion of CLS 710, CLS 711, CLS 720, and CLS 721. PRA
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