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Principal Course Distribution Requirement

Principal courses offer introductions to the breadth of disciplines in the College. They acquaint students with the subject matter in an area, with the types of questions that are asked about that subject matter, with the knowledge that has been developed and is now basic to the area, and with the methods and standards by which claims to truth are judged.

Students must complete courses in topical groups in three major divisions (humanities, natural sciences and mathematics, and social sciences). For the B.A., three courses are required from each division, with no more than one course from any topical group. The B.G.S. requires two courses from each division, with no more than one from any topical group. To fulfill the requirement, a course must be designated as a principal course according to the codes listed below.

These are the major divisions, their topical subgroups, and the codes that identify them:

Humanities

  • HT: Historical studies
  • HL: Literature and the arts
  • HR: Philosophy and religion

Natural Sciences and Mathematics

  • NB: Biological sciences
  • NE: Earth sciences
  • NM: Mathematical sciences
  • NP: Physical science

Social Sciences

  • SC: Culture and society
  • SI: Individual behavior
  • SF: Public affairs

No course may fulfill both a principal course distribution requirement and a non-Western culture or second-level mathematics course requirement. Laboratory science courses designated as principal courses may fulfill both the laboratory science requirement and one of the distribution requirements. No free-standing laboratory course may by itself fulfill either the laboratory science requirement or a principal course requirement. Students should begin taking principal courses early in their academic careers. An honors equivalent of a principal course may fulfill a principal course requirement.

View all approved principal course distribution courses »

Non-Western Culture Requirement

A non-Western culture course acquaints students with the culture, society, and values of a non-Western people, for example, from Asia, the Pacific Islands, the Middle East, or Africa. Students must complete one approved non-Western culture course.

One approved non-Western culture course is required. Occasionally courses with varying topics fulfill the non-Western culture course requirement. See the Schedule of Classes for details. These courses are coded NW.

View all approved non-Western culture courses »

Transfer and Earned Credit Course Codes

These codes are used to evaluate transfer credit and to determine which academic requirements a course meets.

  • H: Humanities
  • N: Natural Sciences and Mathematics
  • S: Social Sciences
  • W: World Civilization and Culture
  • U: Undesignated Elective Credit (course does not satisfy distribution requirement)

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The nature and problems of measuring health status and health-related factors in human populations are examined. Specific types of measures and various strategies are discussed and compared at the nominal, ordinal, and interval-ratio levels of measurement. Students are exposed to a range of measures including single response items and frequency measures such as rates and ratios, as well as multiple-item indexes and scales. Students apply techniques for establishing comparability, such as the adjustment and weighting of measures. Special attention is placed on understanding the sources of measurement error and the assessment and improvement of reliability and validity of measures. In addition, students are exposed to the process of translating clinical practice guidelines, quality indicators, or other health service outcome objectives into data collection instruments such as questionnaires or abstraction schedules for use with medical records. Finally, students learn how issues of measurement interface with other methodological issues such as selection of study populations and choice of statistical analytic techniques. Prerequisites: PRVM 800 or HP&M 821 or equivalent; and NRSG 886 or HP&M 836 or HP&M 857, or equivalent; or consent of instructor. Enrollment in this course is limited to Master students. Same as HP&M 870. LEC
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Students admitted to the Certificate in Outcomes Management and Research program interact to build on the integration of content from the other outcomes certificate courses. During seminars the students discuss and analyze presentations and publications reporting studies and projects undertaken to describe, evaluate, and improve clinical, financial, and quality-of-life outcomes of medical health care interventions. Prerequisites: Admission to the Certificate in Outcomes Management and Research program, or permission of instructor. Same as HP&M 876 and PRVM 868. LEC
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All aspects of preparing grant applications are covered. This includes writing an actual grant application containing all the usual elements of grants--budgets, biosketches, resources, and scientific text. In addition, different funding agencies, building research teams, the review process, responding to reviewers, and resubmitting grants will be covered. Prerequisites: Appropriate research methods and statistics courses in student's current graduate program (at least 2 statistics courses, one including content of multiple regression), and permission of instructor. For students in the Outcomes Management and Research Concentration: prerequisites: HP&M 821 or PRVM 800. Same as ANAT 869 and HP&M 788. LEC
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Intensive study in an area of interest with experiences selected according to the student's written purposes, conceptual framework, objectives and evaluation (1-5 credit hours). Appropriate prerequisite courses, as determined by the Independent Study faculty adviser, must be completed. LEC
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The focus of this course is to understand the leadership functions of human resource management in organizations to create a competitive edge through employee empowerment. Core human resource concepts are introduced and applied to optimize human capital within a variety of health care settings, including compensation and benefits, employee recognition, and employee/labor relations. National, regional and local strategies and workforce trends are discussed related to best practices for the selection, retention, and management as a health care employer of choice. Prerequisites: All Leadership Core Courses, or consent of instructor. Same as HP&M 854. LEC
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Intensive practicum in a specified area of interest with experiences selected according to aims that are mutually agreed upon by faculty and student. Prerequisite: None IND
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Portions of the research process in an area of nursing are implemented. Emphasis is placed on experiential knowledge of the actual conduct of research. The student selects one of several research activities and reports on the project. Prerequisites: NRSG 754 plus either one advanced practice or one administration track course, or consent of instructor. LEC
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Prerequisites: NRSG 754, and one core track course. THE
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This course is used for enrollment in the Nursing Education Xchange program (NEXus). NEXus is a collaboration of doctoral programs in nursing that offer distance-accessible graduate courses. KU School of Nursing is an academic collaborator in NEXus. Students in NEXus schools may enroll in online doctoral courses offered by other NEXus academic collaborators. The student's transcript will reflect the course title, under the home school course number. Students select appropriate NEXus courses to fit with their plans of study. Courses are selected by the student in consultation with his/her academic adviser. Prerequisite(s): Admission to a doctoral program in nursing and completion of course-specific prerequisites. LEC
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Theoretical foundations in organizational decision making and communication will enhance students' development of expertise in assessing organizations, identifying system issues, and facilitating organization- and system-wide improvements in health care. Traditional approaches to organizing and communicating are contrasted with emerging approaches that promote sensitivity to diverse organizational cultures and populations. Through examination of theoretical perspectives, the student will develop an ability to integrate the contributions of different points of view and ways of thinking crucial to accurately assess, design and lead high performing health care organizations in a dynamic world. PREREQUISITE(S): Admissions to a doctoral program in Nursing, HP&M, or related field, or consent of instructor. LEC
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Competencies necessary for studying clinical microsystems and examining their influence on patient safety, satisfaction, and other clinical outcomes are developed in this course. Microsystems will be determined, deconstructed, analyzed for best practice, and re-constituted for the purpose of improved organizational performance. The roots of quality improvement are traced and quality improvement application within a microsystem environment is explored. Key topics include: assessment tools and models, continuous quality improvement theory, evidence-based practice, performance improvement methods (measurement, statistics, problem identification and analysis, control charts) and the development of team-based problem solving and resolution. Students examine productivity and cost indicators, strategic and operational planning, health care finance, relationship-building, collaboration techniques, and leadership principles. Prerequisites/Corequisites: Completion of graduate program in organizational leadership or nursing administration, or consent of instructor. LEC
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Building a foundation for advanced study is explored in the context of professionalism and scholarship. Strategies for promoting professional development while preparing for future roles as nurse scholars and nurse scientists are examined. Students are introduced to a model of scholarship that includes discovery, integration, application, and teaching. Issues associated with scientific integrity in academics, research and services are identified and examined. Prerequisite: Admission to the Doctoral Program. LEC
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The field of nursing informatics and the role of the nurse to support research and evidence -based practice inquiry in a variety of organizational settings is introduced. The current state of the science in naming nursing phenomena and how these phenomena are represented in information systems is explored. The use of technology as an adjunct to doctoral-level inquiry and how it supports clinical and professional decision-making is explained and demonstrated. Corequisites: NRSG 935, or consent of instructor. LEC
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The philosophical, ethical, socio-cultural, economic, and political forces that shaped the historical course of nursing science are examined. Philosophical and scientific foundations of knowledge development in nursing science are explored. Conceptual and grand theoretical development and analysis strategies are practiced. Integration of theory, research, and practice knowledge development in nursing science is emphasized. Prerequisites: NRSG 938, or consent of instructor. LEC
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Skills in leading, managing, and following as the doctoral graduate assumes critical roles within academia, the health care system, or other business entities are developed and strengthened. Through developmental exercises, theoretical and practical explorations of organizational structures and settings and career trajectory planning, the student is poised to optimize the doctoral experience to influence social change. Prerequisites: NRSG 938, or consent of instructor. LEC
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The development of middle-range theoretical structures and processes in nursing science is examined. Historical foundations of middle-range theory are traced to current trends and future possibilities in theory development, application, testing, and evaluation. Examples from nursing science and related health and social sciences are used to illustrate middle-range theory development, application, testing, and evaluation. Strategies for using existing theoretical knowledge to guide practice in diverse settings and to foster ongoing development of new knowledge are explored. Prerequisites: NRSG 940, or consent of instructor. LEC
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Quantitative research methods are studied as they relate to investigation of phenomena in nursing and health care. Focus is on understanding the issues involved in generating research questions and hypotheses, designing and implementing studies to answer specific questions or test hypotheses, the logic and application of statistical inference, and the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches to quantitative methods. Prerequisites/Corequisites: NRSG 946, PRE 905, or consent of instructor. LEC
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This practicum provides a research application experience in quantitative methods and seminar discussions of quantitative research issues such as scientific integrity, research implementation and management, and interpretations of statistical analyses. Students identify a research problem/question/hypothesis that may be analyzed using existing data, plan and execute appropriate analyses to answer the question or test the hypothesis, and write a formal report including a description of what was done, why it was done, and an interpretation of the findings. Prerequisites: NRSG 943 or consent of instructor. SEM
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Leadership development and technologic applications are integrated with theoretical, statistical, and research methods. Doctoral leadership skills are refined and tested through case study simulations of theory and research applications in diverse practice settings. A qualifying examination concludes the Workshop consisting of a written and oral case study simulation. Prerequisites: NRSG 941, NRSG 942, NRSG 946, PRE 905, or consent of instructor. Prerequisite/Corequisite: NRSG 877. LEC
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Classical measurement theory and related measurement concepts are the focus of this course. Various approaches to instrumentation are examined. Students use existing data to evaluate selected measures, with emphasis on reliability and validity. They also critically analyze published reports of instrumentation for research. Basic knowledge of concept analysis is expected prior to enrollment. Prerequisites: NRSG 940, or consent of instructor. LEC
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Students conduct fieldwork to implement a qualitative research proposal. Emphasis is placed on advanced application of various qualitative methods. Extended experience in qualitative data collection and analysis is provided. Prerequisites: NRSG 802, NRSG 940, or consent of instructor. LEC
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The roles of nursing leaders in the design, measurement, and evaluation of the discipline within a variety of organizational settings are analyzed. The nuances of measurement and statistics are compared and related to the quality science paradigm, applying incremental measurement techniques to foster continuous improvement. Process design, standards development and adaptation, regulatory requirements, and consumer expectations for quality are integrated into a quality plan that aligns with the student's career trajectory. Prerequisites: NRSG 944, NRSG 947, or consent of instructor. LEC
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Content from the full range of doctoral courses including theory, research, statistics and professional development is integrated and synthesized. Strategies for using these content areas to meet program objectives and students' professional objectives are explored. A qualifying examination, consisting of a written and oral case study simulation, concludes the Workshop. Prerequisites: Completion of all doctoral course work. Corequisites: NRSG 948, or consent of instructor. LEC
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The use of information systems including medical devices is paramount in achieving patient safety. Students will attain an inclusive understanding of how human factors and ergonomic principles can be used to improve patient safety in the design, implementation, and evaluation of information systems and medical devices. Additionally, health care professionals will acquire skills to appropriately apply error reduction strategies developed in high reliability organizations. Prerequisites(s): Admission to a doctoral program in nursing, NRSG 857 or consent of instructor. LEC
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The need to exchange clinical information consistently between health care providers, care settings, researchers and other requires syntactic and semantic interoperability. Requirements and approaches to meet interoperability will be explored. Standards for messaging, terminology, and knowledge representation will be investigated. Prerequisites: Admission to a doctoral program in nursing, NRSG 857 or consent of instructor. LEC
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This practicum is an intensive research experience with a specific faculty mentor. It involves working on part of the faculty mentor's current research or on a subject closely related to the mentor's work. The student submits a proposal for this research experience to the faculty mentor. Once the project is complete, the student presents the research orally in a structured forum and, if appropriate, develops a publishable manuscript. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. FLD
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The advanced leadership residency is designed to expand the DNP student's breadth and depth of leadership knowledge and skills in an area of practice at the aggregate/systems/organization level. Students will have the opportunity to enhance their existing advanced leadership skills in one or more of the following areas: organizational and systems leadership for enhancing health care outcomes; quality improvement strategies to support decision-making; prediction and evaluation of practice outcomes; patient safety initiatives; health care policy; creating and sustaining change at organizational and policy levels; or ethics related to health care systems; information technology; knowledge management; or population health. PREREQUISITE(S): Admission to a doctoral program in Nursing, or consent of instructor. PRA
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The advanced clinical residency is designed to expand the DNP student's breadth and/or depth of clinical knowledge and skills in an area of practice. The focus can be either on the delivery of sub-specialty care services or full spectrum primary care services. Students will have the opportunity to enhance their existing advanced practice skills in one or more of the following areas: the diagnosis and management of ambulatory patients with complex diagnoses and comorbid conditions in the context of family, community and culture; the diagnosis and management of patients with complex diagnoses and/or comorbid conditions who present with acute changes in health status requiring interventions available only in an acute care setting; and the diagnosis and management of patients who are unable to function independently due to age related alteration in mental and physical status, developmental, perceptual and physical disability and chronic, degenerative illness. Students will synthesize clinical knowledge and use evidence-based decision making to construct symptom-based assessments, advanced differential diagnoses, independent therapeutic interventions, and outcome evaluation of the care of clients. Prerequisites/Corequisites: Post-BSN students: NRSG 818, or NRSG 868, or NRSG 869, or NRSG 849, or NRSG 840, or consent of instructor. Post-Master's students: A minimum of 1000 clinical hours in your current or previous work following graduation from an accredited Master's in Nursing program; National certification in your area of expertise (e.g. family, adult, psych, pediatric, CNM, etc.) CLN
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Students participate in advanced study that provides theoretical, methodological, and clinical perspectives to facilitate their pursuit of research interests in an identified specialty area. Methods include directed readings, discussions, and the interpretation of data-based literature. Examples of topics are theory and research issues related to health systems, symptom management, or health behavior; topic for any given semester to be announced. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. IND
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The capstone project is an amalgamation of the student's field of inquiry in his/her doctoral course of study. As such, the capstone requires that a practice-focused problem be identified and examined in depth. For most students the capstone project will include application of an evidence-based intervention suitable to their area of focus (e.g. organizational leadership, clinical practice, education, etc.) that involves the appropriate metric (or sets of metrics)evaluation, and dissemination of the project findings to a targeted audience. The capstone project must meet capstone guidelines for the DNP program. Prerequisites: NRSG 754, ,graduate level statistics course, or consent of instructor. Corequisite: NRSG 804. FLD
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Original and independent investigation approved by and conducted under the supervision of the student's adviser or advisory committee and in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Ph.D. degree. Prerequisites: NRSG 959, and consent of adviser. RSH
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Having chosen an appropriate mentor, the student selects an area of advanced study. Specific objectives and credit hours are jointly determined by the student and selected faculty member. Prerequisites: Prior graduate course work in the area of study and consent of instructor. IND
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Preparation of the dissertation based upon original research and in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Ph.D. degree. Credit is given only after the dissertation proposal has been accepted by the student's dissertation committee. Prerequisites/Corequisites: NRSG 990, and consent of adviser. THE
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